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High loading toluene treatment in a compost based biofilter using up-flow and down-flow swing operation.

Journal of hazardous materials

analysis, metabolism, Air Pollution, prevention & control, Carbon Dioxide, Ceramics, Filtration, Sewage, microbiology, Soil, Toluene, Air Pollutants

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      Abstract

      A compost/ceramic (1:1, v/v) three section laboratory-scale biofilter inoculated with acclimated activated sludge was examined to treat high loading toluene vapors from a synthetic gas stream. The biofilter was operated continuously at different gas flow rates, 0.108-0.15m(3)h(-1), with inlet toluene concentrations ranging 0.5-13gm(-3). The overall performance of the biofilter was divided to seven stages according to the mode of operation (down-flow and up-flow) over a period of 102 days. Removal efficiencies ranging from 48 to 100% and elimination capacities ranging from 26 to 180gm(-3)h(-1) were observed depending on the initial loading rates and the mode of operations. A maximum elimination capacity of 180gm(-3)h(-1) was observed in the last period at an inlet toluene concentration of about 13gm(-3). The results showed that changing the mode of operation (up-flow and down-flow) periodically will improve the performance of the biofilter under high inlet toluene concentration (higher than 4gm(-3)). Results obtained in this study provide insight into the possibility of the biofilter to treat high inlet concentrations rather than low concentrations well known in the literature.

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      Journal
      16945483
      10.1016/j.jhazmat.2006.07.039

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