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      Sustancia e individuación en el Organon de Aristóteles

      research-article
      Revista latinoamericana de filosofía
      Centro de Investigaciones Filosóficas
      Reference, Predication, Subject, Referencia, Predicación, Sujeto

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          Abstract

          Me propongo explicar que los términos sustanciales usados individuadoramente constituyen la expresión lingüística que fija la referencia a un objeto en el Organon de Aristóteles, y mostrar que esa expresión opera allí como principium individuationis. El artículo desarrolla dos tesis principales: (1) Es legítimo adjudicar a Aristóteles una teoría descriptiva de la referencia, en la cual las propiedades esenciales incluidas en la definición constituyen condiciones suficientes para referir, dado un contexto donde los términos sustanciales se usan para individuar. (2) Los individuos sustanciales se ubican justificadamente en la base ontológica de las Categorías en virtud de que son los objetos de la referencia, y también de que se desempeñan como sujetos últimos de la predicación.

          Translated abstract

          My main goal is to explain that the substantial terms fix the reference to an object, and to show that this expression is the principium individuationis, within the Aristotelian Organon. The paper works out two main theses: (1) Aristotle may be ascribed a descriptive theory of reference in which the essential properties included in the definition constitute sufficient conditions for referring to an object, provided that in the context the substantial terms are used to individualize. (2) Substantial individuals are justifiably included at the bottom of the ontology in the Categories by virtue of their being the objects of reference, and also by virtue of their role as ultimate subjects of predication.

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          Most cited references49

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          Individuals: An essay in descriptive metaphysics.

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            A treatise of human nature

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              Essays in ancient philosophy

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                rlf
                Revista latinoamericana de filosofía
                Rev. latinoam. filos.
                Centro de Investigaciones Filosóficas (Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, , Argentina )
                1852-7353
                December 2013
                : 39
                : 2
                : 151-185
                Affiliations
                [01] orgnameUniversidad Nacional del Litoral
                [02] orgnameConsejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
                Article
                S1852-73532013000200001 S1852-7353(13)03900200001
                a77f0385-2135-47cf-bde8-4fe0c07aa978

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

                History
                : January 2013
                : June 2013
                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 40, Pages: 35
                Product

                SciELO Argentina

                Categories
                Artículos

                Predication,Referencia,Predicación,Sujeto,Reference,Subject
                Predication, Referencia, Predicación, Sujeto, Reference, Subject

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