Yoshitsugu Obi 1 , 2 , 3 , Satoshi Yamaguchi 1 , Takayuki Hamano , 1 , 4 , 5 , Yusuke Sakaguchi 4 , Akihiro Shimomura 4 , Tomoko Namba-Hamano 1 , Satoshi Mikami 6 , Osamu Nishi 7 , Motoko Tanaka 8 , Akihito Kamoto 9 , Yasue Obi 2 , Naohisa Tomosugi 10 , 11 , Yoshiharu Tsubakihara 12 , Yoshitaka Isaka 1
23 September 2020
In this multicentre double-blind randomized clinical trial, we investigated the effects of oral cholecalciferol supplementation on serum hepcidin and parameters related to anaemia and CKD-MBD among haemodialysis patients. Participants were assigned in a 2:2:1:1 ratio to either (1) thrice-weekly 3,000-IU cholecalciferol, (2) once-monthly cholecalciferol (equivalent to 9,000 IU/week), (3) thrice-weekly placebo, or (4) once-monthly placebo. We also examined the effect modifications by selected single nucleotide polymorphisms in vitamin D-related genes. Out of 96 participants, 94 were available at Month 3, and 88 completed the 6-month study. After adjustment for baseline values, serum hepcidin levels were higher at Day 3 in the combined cholecalciferol (vs. placebo) group, but were lower at Month 6 with increased erythropoietin resistance. Cholecalciferol increased serum 1,25(OH) 2D levels, resulting in a greater proportion of patients who reduced the dose of active vitamin D at Month 6 (31% vs. 10% in the placebo group). Cholecalciferol also suppressed intact PTH only among patients with severe vitamin D deficiency. In conclusion, cholecalciferol supplementation increases serum hepcidin-25 levels in the short term and may increase erythropoietin resistance in the long term among haemodialysis patients. Both thrice-weekly and once-monthly supplementation effectively increases serum 1,25(OH) 2D levels, and hence, reduces active vitamin D drugs.
Clinical Trial Registry: This study was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov and University Hospital Medical Information Network Clinical Trials Registry (UMIN-CTR) as NCT02214563 (registration date: 12/08/2014) and UMIN000011786 (registration date: 15/08/2014), respectively (please refer to the links below). ClinicalTrials.gov: https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/record/NCT02214563. UMIN-CTR: https://upload.umin.ac.jp/cgi-open-bin/ctr/ctr.cgi?function=brows&action=brows&type=summary&recptno=R000017152&language=E.