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      Tobacco smoking and antisocial deviance among Vietnamese, Vietnamese-American, and European-American adolescents


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          Tobacco smoking is one of the most significant modifiable behavioral health risk factors worldwide. Although smoking rates in some high-income countries (HIC) have declined, rates in many low-and-middle-income countries (LMIC) remain high. Adolescence is a key developmental risk period for smoking initiation. Research indicates that a major adolescent risk factor for tobacco smoking is antisocial deviance, which includes such behaviors as aggression, risk-taking, and rule-breaking. The linkages between antisocial deviance and smoking suggest that these behaviors and their underlying attitudes can be important targets for smoking prevention programs, but for public health efficiency it is important to target the components of antisocial deviance most closely linked smoking. However, although 80% of smokers live in LMIC, most relevant research has been conducted in HIC and its applicability to LMIC is unclear, given cultural differences between many HIC and LMIC. The purpose of the present study was to assess cross-cultural variations in relations among components of antisocial deviance and self-reported tobacco smoking among 2,724 10th and 11th grade Vietnamese, Vietnamese-American, and European-American students. Within the combined sample the relation between self-reported smoking and overall antisocial deviance was β=.33. However, the component of antisocial deviance most strongly related to smoking varied across groups, with Risk-taking most strongly related to smoking for Vietnamese-American (β=.37) and Vietnamese (β=.36) adolescents, and Rule-breaking Behavior most strongly related to smoking for European-American (β=.51) adolescents. These and other findings suggest the possible importance of culturally-tailored foci for smoking prevention programs emphasizing different aspects of antisocial deviance.

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          Author and article information

          J Abnorm Child Psychol
          J Abnorm Child Psychol
          Journal of abnormal child psychology
          21 March 2018
          January 2019
          01 January 2020
          : 47
          : 1
          : 59-69
          Vanderbilt University
          Vanderbilt University
          Danang Psychiatric Hospital
          The RAND Corporation
          University of California – Los Angeles
          Author notes
          Correspondence regarding this article should be directed to: Bahr Weiss, Department of Psychology and Human Development, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37215 USA, telephone: 615-829-6624, bahr.weiss@ 123456vanderbilt.edu

          Author note: Bahr Weiss, PhD (ORCID: 0000-0001-6927-5297), Department of Psychology and Human Development, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA; and Department of Clinical Psychology, Vietnam National University, Hanoi, Vietnam. Tam Nguyen, MD, MSPH (ORCID: 0000-0003-0385-0257), Vanderbilt Institute for Global Health, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA; and Danang Psychiatric Hospital, Danang, Vietnam. Lam Trung, MD (ORCID: 0000-0002-5504-0865), Danang Psychiatric Hospital, Danang, Vietnam. Victoria Ngo, PhD, The RAND Corporation, Los Angeles, USA. Anna Lau, PhD, Department of Psychology, University of California – Los Angeles, USA. This research and the writing of this report were supported in part by grants: U.S. NIMH R01 MH077697 and U.S. NCATS / NIH UL1 TR000445; from the UCLA Asian American Studies Center; and from the Peabody College of Education and Human Development (PIF 6402).

          PMC6150857 PMC6150857 6150857 nihpa953420

          tobacco,Vietnam,antisocial deviance,Smoking,LMIC
          tobacco, Vietnam, antisocial deviance, Smoking, LMIC


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