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      Camptothecin-based nanodrug delivery systems


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          The drug camptothecin has a wide range of antitumor effects in cancers including gastric cancer, rectal and colon cancer, liver cancer, and lung cancer. Camptothecin-based drugs inhibit topoisomerase 1 (Topo 1), leading to destruction of DNA, and are currently being used as important chemotherapeutic agents in clinical antitumor treatment. However, the main obstacle associated with cancer therapy is represented by systemic toxicity of conventional anticancer drugs and their low accumulation at the tumor site. In addition, low bioavailability, poor water solubility, and other shortcomings hinder their anticancer activity. Different from traditional pharmaceutical preparations, nanotechnology-dependent nanopharmaceutical preparations have become one of the main strategies for different countries worldwide to overcome drug development problems. In this review, we summarized the current hotspots and discussed a variety of camptothecin-based nanodrugs for cancer therapy. We hope that through this review, more efficient drug delivery systems could be designed with potential applications in clinical cancer therapy.

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              Inorganic nanoparticles as carriers for efficient cellular delivery


                Author and article information

                Cancer Biol Med
                Cancer Biol Med
                Cancer Biology & Medicine
                Chinese Anti-Cancer Association (Tianjing China )
                November 2017
                : 14
                : 4
                : 363-370
                [1 ] CAS Key Laboratory for Biomedical Effects of Nanomaterials and Nanosafety, National Center for Nanoscience and Technology, Beijing 100190, China
                [2 ] University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
                [3 ] College of Biological Science and Engineering, Hebei University of Science and Technology, Shijiazhuang 050018, China
                [4 ] Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Herbert Wertheim College of Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
                [5 ] School of Biological Sciences and Medical Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China
                Author notes
                : 14 August 2017
                : 9 November 2017

                camptothecins,nanomedicine,cancer therapy,drug delivery system


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