26
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
0 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found
      Is Open Access

      Dirac Nodal Lines and Tilted Semi-Dirac Cones Coexisting in a Striped Boron Sheet

      Preprint

      Read this article at

      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          The enchanting Dirac fermions in graphene stimulated us to seek for other two-dimensional (2D) Dirac materials, and boron monolayers may be a good candidate. So far, a number of monolayer boron sheets have been theoretically predicted, and three have been experimentally prepared. However, none of them possesses Dirac electrons. Herein, by means of density functional theory (DFT) computations, we identified a new boron monolayer, namely hr-sB, with two types of Dirac fermions coexisting in the sheet: one type is related to Dirac nodal lines traversing Brillouin zone (BZ) with velocities approaching 106 m/s, the other is related to tilted semi-Dirac cones with strong anisotropy. This newly predicted boron monolayer consists of hexagon and rhombus stripes. With an exceptional stability comparable to the experimentally achieved boron sheets, it is rather optimistic to grow hr-sB on some suitable substrates such as the Ag (111) surface. The unique electronic properties induced by special bond characteristics also imply that this boron monolayer may be a good superconductor.

          Related collections

          Most cited references2

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: found
          Is Open Access

          Experimental Observation of Quantum Hall Effect and Berry's Phase in Graphene

          When electrons are confined in two-dimensional (2D) materials, quantum mechanically enhanced transport phenomena, as exemplified by the quantum Hall effects (QHE), can be observed. Graphene, an isolated single atomic layer of graphite, is an ideal realization of such a 2D system. Here, we report an experimental investigation of magneto transport in a high mobility single layer of graphene. Adjusting the chemical potential using the electric field effect, we observe an unusual half integer QHE for both electron and hole carriers in graphene. Vanishing effective carrier masses is observed at Dirac point in the temperature dependent Shubnikov de Haas oscillations, which probe the 'relativistic' Dirac particle-like dispersion. The relevance of Berry's phase to these experiments is confirmed by the phase shift of magneto-oscillations, related to the exceptional topology of the graphene band structure.
            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: found
            • Article: found
            Is Open Access

            Fractional quantum Hall effect and insulating phase of Dirac electrons in graphene

            In graphene, which is an atomic layer of crystalline carbon, two of the distinguishing properties of the material are the charge carriers two-dimensional and relativistic character. The first experimental evidence of the two-dimensional nature of graphene came from the observation of a sequence of plateaus in measurements of its transport properties in the presence of an applied magnetic field. These are signatures of the so-called integer quantum Hall effect. However, as a consequence of the relativistic character of the charge carriers, the integer quantum Hall effect observed in graphene is qualitatively different from its semiconductor analogue. As a third distinguishing feature of graphene, it has been conjectured that interactions and correlations should be important in this material, but surprisingly, evidence of collective behaviour in graphene is lacking. In particular, the quintessential collective quantum behaviour in two dimensions, the fractional quantum Hall effect (FQHE), has so far resisted observation in graphene despite intense efforts and theoretical predictions of its existence. Here we report the observation of the FQHE in graphene. Our observations are made possible by using suspended graphene devices probed by two-terminal charge transport measurements. This allows us to isolate the sample from substrate-induced perturbations that usually obscure the effects of interactions in this system and to avoid effects of finite geometry. At low carrier density, we find a field-induced transition to an insulator that competes with the FQHE, allowing its observation only in the highest quality samples. We believe that these results will open the door to the physics of FQHE and other collective behaviour in graphene.
              Bookmark

              Author and article information

              Journal
              2016-12-26
              Article
              1612.08455
              a869b36e-dc62-4068-91fb-cda841906d57

              http://arxiv.org/licenses/nonexclusive-distrib/1.0/

              History
              Custom metadata
              cond-mat.mes-hall physics.chem-ph physics.comp-ph

              Mathematical & Computational physics,Physical chemistry,Nanophysics
              Mathematical & Computational physics, Physical chemistry, Nanophysics

              Comments

              Comment on this article