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      Beverages consumption among grade four and grade five primary school students in six cities of China

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          Abstract

          Objective To understand the status on beverages consumption among grade 4 and grade 5 primary school students in six cities of China, and to provide evidence for nutrition education and intervention strategies.

          Methods A multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling method was used to select 12 197 grade 4 and grade 5 primary school students from 72 primary schools in Beijing, Guangzhou, Nanjing, Chongqing, Jinan and Harbin. All the participants were investigated with a self-administered questionnaire survey of dietary behaviors.

          Results The proportion of students who consumed beverages at home, school and elsewhere was 92.5%, 51.4% and 70.6% respectively. The most popular beverages at home were milk, fruit & vegetable drinks, tea drinks (69.4%, 46.6%, 39.6%); the most popular beverages at school were milk, fruit & vegetable drinks, tea drinks (30.5%, 13.0%, 12.7%) while the most popular beverages in other places were milk, tea drinks, fruit & vegetable drinks (37. 4%, 29.6%, 28.1%). The top five reasons for choosing beverages were taste delicious, healthy & nutritious, clean, choice of peers and family members (72.3%, 50.8%, 38.4%, 21.9%, 21.6%, respectively).

          Conclusion Consumption of drinking beverages is popular among students, most of which are unhealthy. Therefore, nutrition education for students and parents should be encouraged aiming to help students choose healthy drinks and eating behaviors.

          Abstract

          摘要】 目的 了解中国高年级小学生饮料消费现状,为开展儿童营养教育及制定干预措施提供科学依据。 方法 采用多阶段分层随机整群抽样方法,从北京、广州、南京、重庆、济南、哈尔滨6个城市的72所小学随机抽取四、五年级学生 共12 197名作为研究对象,通过自填问卷的方法调查其饮料消费现状。 结果 学生在家里、学校和其他地方饮料的消费 率分别为92.5%,51.4%和70.6%。学生在家里最常消费的饮料是纯牛奶或酸奶(69.4%)、果蔬饮料(46.6%)、茶饮料 (39. 6%),在学校最常消费的饮料是纯牛奶或酸奶(30.5%)、果蔬饮料(13.0%)、茶饮料(12.7%),在其他地方最常消费的 饮料是纯牛奶或酸奶(37.4%)、茶饮料 (29.6%)、果蔬饮料 (28.1%)。学生消费饮料原因的前5位是好喝(72.3%)、健康有 营养(50.8%)、干净卫生(38.4%)、很多同学喜欢喝(21.9%)和家里人常喝(21.6%)。 结论 四、五年级学生普遍存在喝饮 料现象,且饮料种类不合理。需要开展学生及家长营养教育,促使学生合理消费饮料,养成健康饮食行为。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese School Health Editorial Department (China )
          1000-9817
          01 February 2020
          01 January 2020
          : 40
          : 2
          : 175-178
          Affiliations
          [1] 1Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public Health, Peking University, Beijing (100191), China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: Ma Guansheng, E-mail: mags@ 123456bjmu.edu.cn
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2019.02.005
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2019.02.005
          a876711e-5a46-4ca3-8254-585cc2f0fc7a
          © 2019 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

          Product
          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Beverages,Students,Nutritional status,Health education

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