Blog
About

1
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Myofibroblast Involvement in Glycosaminoglycan Synthesis and Lipid Retention during Coronary Repair

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Myofibroblasts of adventitial origin have been linked to neointimal formation and remodeling after coronary injury. Accordingly, the goal of this study was to examine whether myofibroblasts contribute to focal accumulation of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) and lipids during coronary repair. GAG synthesis was assessed by ex vivo labeling of balloon-injured porcine coronary arteries with <sup>14</sup>C-glucosamine. The synthesis of total GAGs transiently increased at 8 days in the normolipemic model (a 2.2-fold increase over baseline, p < 0.05). The majority of newly synthesized GAGs were sensitive to chondroitin ABC lyase (chondroitin/dermatan sulfate GAGs). Versican was localized to myofibroblast-rich regions in the adventitia and neointima [positive for α-smooth muscle (SM) actin, negative for h-caldesmon and SM myosin heavy chain]. In contrast, the adjacent SM-rich media showed no increase in versican expression. The association between injury-induced GAG accumulation and lipid retention was examined at 2 weeks after coronary injury in the hyperlipemic model. Lipid (Oil Red O) accumulated in the neointima and adventitia, but not in the adjacent media. Coronary repair under hyperlipemic conditions was associated with macrophage infiltration (19 ± 5 vs. 3 ± 2% of neointimal cells in normolipemic animals, p < 0.001) and increased neointimal formation (1.8 ± 0.5 vs. 1.0 ± 0.3 mm<sup>2</sup> in normolipemic animals, p < 0.01). In conclusion, this study demonstrated a transient increase in GAG synthesis following coronary injury. Chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (e.g., versican) were rapidly synthesized by activated adventitial and neointimal cells which could contribute to early lipid retention in injured vessels.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 1

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: not found
          • Article: not found

          Restenosis revisited--new targets, new therapies.

           P Ganz,  P. Libby (1997)
            Bookmark

            Author and article information

            Journal
            JVR
            J Vasc Res
            10.1159/issn.1018-1172
            Journal of Vascular Research
            S. Karger AG
            1018-1172
            1423-0135
            2000
            October 2000
            02 October 2000
            : 37
            : 5
            : 399-407
            Affiliations
            Divisions of aCardiology, bCardiothoracic Surgery, cHematology and dEndocrinology, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pa., USA
            Article
            25756 J Vasc Res 2000;37:399–407
            10.1159/000025756
            11025403
            © 2000 S. Karger AG, Basel

            Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

            Page count
            Figures: 6, References: 48, Pages: 9
            Categories
            Research Paper

            Comments

            Comment on this article