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      Regulation of the Expression of Cyclic GMP-Dependent Protein Kinase by Cell Density in Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells

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          Abstract

          Cyclic GMP-dependent protein kinase (cGMP kinase) is the major receptor protein for cGMP in vascular smooth muscle. Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) isolated from the rat aorta express type I cGMP kinase at high levels, but expression decreases markedly upon passage of the cells. In primary or early passage, the expression of cGMP kinase is lowest when cells are plated at low density as assessed by immunological and Northern analyses. Expression increases at confluence and is maintained in postconfluent cultures. With repeated passaging, however, the levels of cGMP kinase decrease even in confluent and postconfluent cultures so that after several passages enzyme levels are undetectable. The decrease in expression in passaged cells is not due to exposure to serum-derived growth factors, but rather on the repeated exposure of cells to conditions in which cell density is reduced (i.e., subculturing). These results indicate that aortic VSMC grown at low density or those repetitively passaged have reduced expression of cGMP kinase, and thus may not represent appropriate cultures with which to investigate the role of nitric oxide and cGMP in VSMC function.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1994
          1994
          23 September 2008
          : 31
          : 6
          : 330-337
          Affiliations
          aDepartment of Pathology, Division of Molecular and Cellular Pathology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Ala., and bDepartment of Medicine, Division of Hematology/Oncology, Northwestern University Medical School, Chicago, Ill., USA
          Article
          159061 J Vasc Res 1994;31:330–337
          10.1159/000159061
          7986957
          © 1994 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 8
          Categories
          Research Paper

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