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      Record of Phlebotomus (Transphlebotomus) mascittii Grassi, 1908 and Phlebotomus (Larroussius) chadlii Rioux, Juminer & Gibily, 1966 female in Algeria Translated title: Signalement de Phlebotomus (Transphlebotomus) mascittii Grassi, 1908 et de la femèle de Phlebotomus (Larroussius) chadlii Rioux, Juminer & Gibily, 1966 en Algérie

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          We report for the first time the presence of Phlebotomus mascittii and the female of Phlebotomus chadlii in Algeria. These two species were collected during an entomological study conducted in endemic visceral leishmaniasis focus from the north part of the country, Kabylia.

          Translated abstract

          Les auteurs signalent pour la première fois la présence de Phlebotomus mascittii et de la femelle de Phlebotomus chadlii en Algérie. Ces deux espèces ont été capturées lors d’une enquête entomologique réalisée dans un foyer de leishmaniose viscérale du nord du pays, la Kabylie.

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          Most cited references 5

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          Presence of Phlebotomus (Transphlebotomus) mascittii Grassi, 1908 (Diptera : Psychodidae) in Germany.

          During an entomology survey in July 1999, one male and three female Phlebotomus (Transphlebotomus) mascittii were caught in southwestern Baden Württemberg. This is the first record of phlebotomine sandflies in Germany.
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            Genetic structure of Phlebotomus (Larroussius) ariasi populations, the vector of Leishmania infantum in the western Mediterranean: epidemiological implications.

            In recent years there has been growing interest in analyzing the geographical variations between populations of different Phlebotomus spp. by comparing the sequences of various genes. However, little is known about the genetic structure of Phlebotomus ariasi. In this study, we were able to sequence a fragment of the mitochondrial Cyt b gene in 133 sandflies morphologically identified as P. ariasi and proceeding from a wide geographical range covering 35 locations in 11 different regions from five countries. The intra-specific diversity of P. ariasi is high, with 45 haplotypes differing from each other by one to 26 bases and they are distributed in two mitochondrial lineages, one limited geographically to Algeria and the other widely dispersed across Mediterranean countries. The Algerian lineage is characterized by having 13 fixed polymorphisms and is made up of one sole haplotype. The European/Moroccan P. ariasi lineage is characterized by being made up of a great diversity of haplotypes (44) which display some geographical structuring. This could be one of the multiple factors involved in the epidemiological heterogeneity of the foci of leishmaniasis. Phlebotomus chadlii is the sister group of European/Moroccan P. ariasi. The separation of the Algerian haplotype, H45, from the rest of the specimens, European/Moroccan P. ariasi and P. chadlii, is well supported by the bootstrap analysis.
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              The sandflies of Algeria.

               S Belazzoug (1991)
              Twenty-two species of sandflies are known to be present in Algeria: 12 Phlebotomus and 10 Sergentomyia. Each species has its own ecological distribution except in the mountains of the central Sahara where both Mediterranean species and species of the Ethiopian zoo-geographical area occur together. Phlebotomus perniciosus and P. papatasi are the proven vectors of Leishmania infantum visceral leishmaniasis and L. major cutaneous leishmaniasis respectively.

                Author and article information

                EDP Sciences
                November 2011
                15 November 2011
                : 18
                : 4 ( publisher-idID: parasite/2011/04 )
                : 337-339
                [1 ] Parasitologie-Mycologie, CHU Avicenne, Université Paris 13 Bobigny France
                [2 ] Unité des Virus Émergents (UMR190), Université de la Méditerranée – Institut de Recherche pour le Développement Marseille France
                [3 ] Laboratoire d’Entomologie Médicale, Institut Pasteur d’Alger Algérie
                [4 ] Laboratoire de Parasitologie, Hôpital Mustapha Alger Algérie
                Author notes
                [* ]Correspondence: Arezki Izri. Tel.: 33 (0)1 48 95 54 52 – Fax: 33 (0)1 48 95 56 57. E-mail: arezki.izri@ 123456avc.aphp.fr
                parasite2011184p337 10.1051/parasite/2011184337
                © PRINCEPS Editions, Paris, 2011

                This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                Page count
                Figures: 2, Tables: 1, Equations: 0, References: 11, Pages: 3
                Research Note


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