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      Dietary nutritional status of AIDS orphans

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          Abstract

          Objective To understand the dietary nutritional status of AIDS orphans aged 7-12 in Urumqi, and to provide a scientific basis for promoting growth, development and health.

          Methods Using a random sampling method, a total of 309 children aged 7-12, from Urumqi were selected. The sample included 98 orphans with AIDS, 66 orphaned children not affected by AIDS, and 145 cases of non-orphaned children. A 24-hour diet review method was used to record the diet of all three groups of children who received three meals per day, energy levels and the nutrient intake of AIDS orphans and their attainment were analyzed according to the daily recommended nutrient intake (RNI) of Chinese residents.

          Results The detection rate of wasting in the AIDS orphans group was 44.9%, which was higher than that in the orphans without-AIDS group (40.9%) and the non-orphaned group (28.2%); the overweight rates of AIDS orphans and orphans without AIDS were 3.1% and 3.0%, respectively, which were both lower than those of non-orphaned children (8.3%); the average daily intake of energy and dietary nutrients in the AIDS orphans group was lower than that in the other two groups, and the intake of vitamin A, vitamin B 2, vitamin B 6, vitamin C, vitamin D, folic acid, calcium, zinc, and iron was seriously insufficient, the intake of food grains, vegetables, fruit, eggs, milk and dairy products, and the average daily intake of oil was lower among AIDS orphans than orphans without AIDS and non-orphaned children, additionally, except for food grains, eggs, there were significant differences between the three groups ( F = 3.02, 5.23, 27.86, 16.59, P<0.05), and the daily intake of vegetables, aquatic products, eggs and milk in AIDS orphans and orphans was lower than the recommeded intake.

          Conclusion A higher rate of wasting, unbalanced nutrient intake, and poor nutritional status was found among AIDS orphans aged 7–12 in Urumqi. Therefore, there is a need to improve the dietary structure of AIDS orphans with the aim of promoting healthy development.

          Abstract

          【摘要】 目的 了解乌鲁木齐市 7~12 岁艾滋病致孤儿童 (艾滋孤儿) 膳食营养状况, 为促进其生长发育与健康状况提供 科学依据。 方法 采用单纯随机抽样方法, 抽取乌鲁木齐市 7~12 岁艾滋孤儿 (98 名) 和同龄普通孤儿 (66 名) 及一般儿童 (145 名) 共 309 名进行营养状况调査。采用 24 h 膳食回顾法记录 3 组儿童一日三餐的饮食情况, 按中国居民每日膳食营 养素推荐摄人量 (recommended nutrient intake, RNI) 分析儿童能量及营养素摄人及达标情况。 结果 艾滋孤儿组消瘦检出 率为 44.9%, 髙于普通孤儿组 (40.9%) 和一般儿童组 (28.2%); 艾滋孤儿组和普通孤儿组超重率分别为 3.1%, 3.0%, 均低于 一般儿童组 (8.3%); 艾滋孤儿组能量及膳食营养素的每日平均摄人量低于其余两组, 且钙、铁、锌和维生素A、维生素 B 2 维生素 B 6 叶酸以及维生素 C、维生素 D 摄人量均未达标;艾滋孤儿组粮谷类、蔬菜类、水果类、蛋类、奶类、油类的日均摄 人量均低于一般儿童组和普通孤儿组, 除粮谷类、蛋类外, 其余 3 组间差异均有统计学意义 ( F 值分别为 3.02, 5.23, 27.86, 16.59, P 值均<0.05), 而艾滋孤儿组和普通孤儿组儿童蔬菜类、水产类、蛋类、奶类的摄人均低于推荐摄人量。 结论 乌鲁 木齐市 7~12 岁艾滋孤儿消瘦检出率较髙, 膳食营养摄人不均衡、营养状况欠佳。应改善艾滋孤儿的膳食结构以满足儿童 青少年生长发育和健康的需要。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          1000-9817
          01 November 2021
          01 December 2021
          : 42
          : 11
          : 1624-1628
          Affiliations
          [1] 1Department of Child and Maternal Health, School of Public Health, Xinjiang Medical University, Key Laboratory of Special Environment and Health Research in Xinjiang, Urumqi (830011), China
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.11.007
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2021.11.007
          a95f9d3f-18ce-4c59-8151-8b388abed3e6
          © 2021 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Child,Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome,Diet,Nutritional status

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