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      Effects of Dietary Protein on Eicosanoid Production in Rat Renal Tubules



      S. Karger AG

      Eicosanoid, Tubule, Cyclooxygenase, Protein, Phospholipase A2 , Phospholipase C

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          The effects of dietary protein on the in vitro production of prostaglandin (PG) E<sub>2</sub>, 6-keto PGF<sub>1α</sub>, and thromboxane B<sub>2</sub> (TxB<sub>2</sub>) were examined in cortical and medullary tubules from rats fed a low (6% casein) or a high (40% casein) protein diet for approximately 8 weeks. PGE<sub>2</sub> was a major eicosanoid produced by rat renal tubules (PGE<sub>2</sub> > TxB<sub>2</sub> > 6-keto PGF<sub>1α</sub>). Medullary tubules produced significantly greater amounts of PGE<sub>2</sub>, 6-keto PGF<sub>1α</sub>, and TxB<sub>2</sub> than cortical tubules. The activity of phospholipase (PL) A<sub>2</sub> and PLC and the levels of cyclooxygenase (COX) were significantly greater in medullary tubules than in cortical tubules. The production of eicosanoids may be increased in medullary versus cortical tubules via the greater activity of these enzymes involved in eicosanoid formation. Although there were no substantial differences in the production of PGE<sub>2</sub>, 6-keto PGF<sub>1α</sub>, and TxB<sub>2</sub> between cortical tubules from rats fed a low- or a high-protein diet, significant increases in the synthesis of the three eicosanoids were observed in medullary tubules from rats fed a high- versus a low-protein diet. The activity of membrane-bound PLA<sub>2</sub> and PLC and the levels of COX were not also substantially different between cortical tubules from rats fed a low- or a high-protein diet. However, medullary tubules had significantly greater activity of membrane-associated PLA<sub>2</sub> and COX in rats fed a high-protein diet than in those fed a low-protein diet. The activity of PLC was comparable in medullary tubules from rats fed a low- or a high-protein diet. We conclude that a high protein intake selectively enhances eicosanoid production in rat medullary tubules probably via activation of the PLA<sub>2</sub>-COX pathway.

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          Author and article information

          S. Karger AG
          February 1998
          26 January 1998
          : 78
          : 2
          : 179-186
          Department of Hygiene and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Saitama Medical School, Saitama, Japan
          44908 Nephron 1998;78:179–186
          © 1998 S. Karger AG, Basel

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          Page count
          Figures: 1, Tables: 3, References: 30, Pages: 8
          Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/44908
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