The application of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty to vascular access stenosis is described. These access problems were discovered by the technique of retrograde venous fistulography. 13 dilatations were attempted in 12 patients. Functional success was achieved in seven attempts. This resulted in a significant prolongation of access survival in these patients. Angioplasty is recommended as a nonsurgical approach to vascular access stenosis.