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      REVIEW ARTICLE: RESILIENCE, POVERTY AND DEVELOPMENT : Resilience, Poverty and Development

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      Journal of International Development
      Wiley-Blackwell

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          Women and Human Development

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            The economics of poverty traps and persistent poverty: An asset-based approach

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              Resilience and sustainable development: building adaptive capacity in a world of transformations.

              Emerging recognition of two fundamental errors underpinning past polices for natural resource issues heralds awareness of the need for a worldwide fundamental change in thinking and in practice of environmental management. The first error has been an implicit assumption that ecosystem responses to human use are linear, predictable and controllable. The second has been an assumption that human and natural systems can be treated independently. However, evidence that has been accumulating in diverse regions all over the world suggests that natural and social systems behave in nonlinear ways, exhibit marked thresholds in their dynamics, and that social-ecological systems act as strongly coupled, complex and evolving integrated systems. This article is a summary of a report prepared on behalf of the Environmental Advisory Council to the Swedish Government, as input to the process of the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) in Johannesburg, South Africa in 26 August 4 September 2002. We use the concept of resilience--the capacity to buffer change, learn and develop--as a framework for understanding how to sustain and enhance adaptive capacity in a complex world of rapid transformations. Two useful tools for resilience-building in social-ecological systems are structured scenarios and active adaptive management. These tools require and facilitate a social context with flexible and open institutions and multi-level governance systems that allow for learning and increase adaptive capacity without foreclosing future development options.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Journal of International Development
                J. Int. Dev.
                Wiley-Blackwell
                09541748
                July 2014
                July 2014
                : 26
                : 5
                : 598-623
                Article
                10.1002/jid.2992
                a9bb7443-32e1-496c-bb18-64d24b6d08ba
                © 2014

                http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/tdm_license_1.1

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