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      Generation of a Vasoactive Substance in Human Plasma during Coagulation

      ,

      Journal of Vascular Research

      S. Karger AG

      Plasma, Thrombin, Vascular smooth muscle, Contractile response

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          Abstract

          A stimulant of vascular smooth muscle contraction was generated in fresh, citrated human plasma during activation of the clotting system. Plasma, exposed briefly to thromboplastin and Ca<sup>++</sup>, induced a contraction of isolated rabbit aorta and dog coronary arteries that was slow in development and persisted after washout. The contractile activity was not blocked by phenoxybenzamine, atropine, or angiotensin inhibitor, but was blocked when heparin or hirudin was incubated with the plasma. The contractile stimulant produced in the plasma was short-lived (<3 min) and paralleled the appearance of thrombin in plasma. Purified human α-thrombin also induced a sustained contraction in these blood vessels that was not inhibited by phenoxybenzamine, atropine, or angiotensin inhibitor, but was blocked by hirudin. Partial relaxation of the thrombin-treated blood vessel was achieved by the addition of heparin. These results suggest that this vasoactive component of thromboplastin-activated human plasma is α-thrombin. Because of its potent and persistent effects, thrombin-induced vasospasm may be an important mechanism in the etiology of ischemic heart disease.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1983
          1983
          19 September 2008
          : 20
          : 2
          : 92-98
          Affiliations
          Department of Pharmacology, Burroughs Wellcome Co., Research Triangle Park, N.C., USA
          Article
          158462 Blood Vessels 1983;20:92–98
          10.1159/000158462
          © 1983 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 7
          Categories
          Research Paper

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