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Time-averages of Fast Oscillatory Systems in Three-dimensional Geophysical Fluid Dynamics and Electromagnetic Effects

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1508.00633

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      Abstract

      Time-averages are common observables in analysis of experimental data and numerical simulations of physical systems. We will investigate, from the angle of PDE (partial differential equation) analysis, some oscillatory geophysical fluid dynamics in three dimensions: Navier-Stokes equations in a fast rotating, spherical shell, and Magnetohydrodynamics subject to strong Coriolis and Lorentz forces. Upon averaging their oscillatory solutions in time, interesting patterns such as zonal flows can emerge. More rigorously, we will prove that, when the restoring forces are strong enough, time-averaged solutions stay close to the null spaces of the wave operators, whereas the solutions themselves can be arbitrarily far away from these subspaces.

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      2015-08-03

      http://arxiv.org/licenses/nonexclusive-distrib/1.0/

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      math.AP
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