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      Applicability of the Moyers' Probability Tables in Adolescents with Different Facial Biotypes

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          The Moyers’ probability tables are used in mixed dentition analysis to estimate the extent of space required for the alignment of canines and premolars, by correlating the mesiodistal size of lower incisors with the size of permanent canines and premolars.


          This study intended to evaluate the applicability of the Moyer's probability tables for predicting the mesiodistal space needed for the correct location of premolars and permanent canines non-erupted, in adolescents of the city of Cordoba, Argentina, who show different facial biotypes.

          Materials and Methods:

          Models and tele-radiographies of 478 adolescents of both genders from 10 to 15 years of age were analyzed. The tele-radiographies were measured manually in order to determine the facial biotype. The models were scanned with a gauged scanner (HP 3670) and measured by using Image Pro Plus 4.5 software.


          According to this study, the comparison between the Moyer´s probability table, and the table created at the National University of Córdoba (UNC) (at 95%, 75%, and 50%) shows that, in both tables, a higher value of mesiodistal width of lower incisors corresponds to a bigger difference in the space needed for permanent canines and premolars; being the need for space for permanents canines and premolars bigger in the UNC´s table. On the other hand, when contrasting the values of mesiodistal space for permanent canines and premolars associated with each facial biotype, the discrepancies between groups were not statistically significant ( P >0.05). However, we found differences in the size of the space required according to the mesiodistal width range of the lower incisors for each biotype:

          a) The comparison of lower-range values, with a mesialdistal width of lower incisors less than 22 mm, the space required for permanent canines and premolars resulted smaller in patients with dolichofacial biotype than in patients with mesofacial and braquifacial biotypes. The latter biotypes have meager differences between them.

          b) The comparison of mid-range values, with a mesialdistal width of lower incisors from 22 to 25 millimeters, shows that the values of required alignment space are similar in the three facial biotypes.

          c) Finally, the comparison of upper range values, with a mesialdistal width of lower incisors greater than 25 millimeters, indicates that the space required for dolichofacial biotypes tends to be higher than in mesofacial and brachyfacial biotypes.


          The Moyer´s probability tables should be created to meet the needs of the population under study, with no consideration of patients’ facial biotypes.

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          Most cited references 26

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          Mesiodistal crown diameters of the deciduous and permanent teeth in individuals.

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            Comparisons of mesiodistal and buccolingual crown dimensions of the permanent teeth in three populations from Egypt, Mexico, and the United States.

            The purpose of this study is to examine the mesiodistal and buccolingual crown dimensions in three populations--57 subjects (35 boys and 22 girls) from Iowa City, Iowa; 54 subjects (30 boys and 24 girls) from Alexandria, Egypt; and 60 subjects (26 boys and 34 girls) from Chihuahua, Mexico. All subjects had normal Class I occlusion, with no history of orthodontic treatment. Comparisons of single teeth as well as sums of groups of teeth were performed between boys and girls within and between the two populations. The analysis of variance general linear models procedure was used for statistical comparisons. The findings from this investigation indicated that (1) differences between antimeres are of small magnitude and of no statistical significance; (2) all populations have significant differences in tooth dimensions between the sexes with boys having larger canines and first molars; (3) there is greater variation in the buccolingual than in the mesiodistal dimensions among the three populations; (4) there is a greater similarity in tooth dimensions among the boys from the three populations than among the girls, but the magnitude of these differences is considered to be of little clinical significance; and (5) standards for the buccolingual diameters were developed for the three populations. As a result, it was concluded that prediction equations used for space analysis in the mixed dentition to determine tooth size-arch length discrepancies in the Iowa population can also be used for persons from Egypt and from the northern part of the Mexican Republic, with some suggested modifications.
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              The prediction of the size of unerupted canines and premolars in a contemporary orthodontic population


                Author and article information

                Open Dent J
                Open Dent J
                The Open Dentistry Journal
                Bentham Open
                26 April 2017
                : 11
                : 213-220
                Faculty of Dentistry, National University of Córdoba, Cordoba, Argentina
                Author notes
                [* ]Address correspondence to this author at the Faculty of Dentistry, National University of Córdoba (UNC), Av. Olmos 238 4 “A”, Córdoba, C.P. (5000). Argentina; Tel: 0054-351-4230912; E-mail: jorgepavani@
                © 2017 Carrillo et al.

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: ( This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



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