Coronary microvascular obstruction (CMVO) is closely associated with poor prognosis of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. However, data showing the comparison between cardiac magnetic resonance feature tracking (CMR-FT) and speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) combined with low-dose dobutamine stress echocardiography (LDDSE) in evaluating CMVO was scarcely available. We aimed to explore and compare the predictive value between CMR-FT and STE+LDDSE in detecting CMVO.
Sixty-one STEMI patients were executed cardiac magnetic resonance and echocardiography within the first 5–7 days after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The myocardial strain analysis was performed in STE, STE+LDDSE, and CMR-FT, and strain parameters included radial strain (RS), circumferential strain (CS), and longitudinal strain (LS). ROC curves were performed to predict infarcted myocardium segments with CMVO.
Finally, 324 infarcted myocardium segments were analyzed, including 100 infarcted segments with CMVO and 224 segments without CMVO by the gold standard assessment of late gadolinium-enhancement cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (LGE-CMR). The results showed that CS was generally superior to RS and LS in identifying CMVO. CS in CMR-FT facilitated the detection of CMVO, with a sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of 78.00%, 81.25%, and 80.25%, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of CS in STE combined with LDDSE were better than STE alone (76.00% vs 60.00%, 79.91% vs 64.29%, and 78.70% vs 62.96%, P < 0.05). In addition, CMR-FT is not superior to STE+LDDSE for detection of CMVO ( P > 0.05).