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      Effects of miRNA93 and miRNA192 on the replication and antiviral immune of host for H3N2 subtype SIV

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          Abstract

          Objective To study the productions of miRNA93 and miRNA192 and their effects on virus replication and host anti-infection immunity of human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells infected by SW/Guangxi/NS2783/2010 and SW/Guangxi/NS650/2012.

          Methods By measuring the HA titer value of the infected cells at different dilutions of the virus, we determined the optimal dilution concentration of the virus. The expression levels of miRNA93, miRNA192, virus NP and HA were detected by qRT-PCR and Western blot. After transfecting miRNA93 and miRNA192 inhibitors, the expression levels of miRNA93, miRNA192, IFN-β and viral NP and HA proteins were redetected.

          Results The results of HA titer showed that the optimal dilution of virus SW2783 was 10 -3 when A549 cells were infected with different dilutions of virus, while the HA titer of SW650 showed that there was no obvious change trend. The results suggested that virus SW2783 has better adaptability and infection ability for human A549 cells. qRT-PCR and Western blot results showed that the expressions of viral NP and HA protein increased first and then decreased when two viruses infected cell. When adding the miRNA93 inhibitor, the expression of NP and HA proteins were up-regulated. The expression of HA protein about virus SW2783 was down-regulated by adding miRNA192 inhibitor ( P=2.10x10 -4), while the expression of HA protein about SW650 was up-regulated ( P=5.45x10 -5), and NP protein was down-regulated ( P=0.034). ELISA result showed that the expression level of inflammatory factor IFN-β increased with time extension when SW2783 and SW650 viruses infected cell.

          Conclusion The research has shown that the expressions of miRNA93 and miRNA192 are related to viral proliferation and anti-infection immunity of swine influenza virus (SIV), which may be a new target for cross-species infection intervention of SIV.

          Abstract

          摘要: 目的 探讨分离于广西猪流感病毒SW/Guangx/NS2783/2010和SW/Guangx/NS650/2012跨种属感染人肺腺 癌A549细胞的miRNA93和miRNA192对病毒复制及宿主抗病毒免疫的影响。 方法 通过测定不同稀释浓度的病毒感 染细胞HA滴度值,确定病毒最佳稀释浓度。 荧光定量PCR检测病毒感染细胞后miRNA93和miRNA192表达, Westernblot检测病毒NP和HA蛋白表达水平;转染miRNA93和miRNA192抑制剂后,重新检测miRNA93、miRNA192、IFN-p及 病毒NP、HA蛋白表达水平。 结果 不同稀释度病毒感染人A549细胞后HA滴度的结果显示病毒SW2783的最佳稀释 度为10 -3、而SW650的HA滴度无明显变化趋势,提示病毒SW2783对人A549细胞具有较好的适应性和感染能力。 荧 光定量PCR和Westernblot结果提示两株病毒感染细胞后病毒NP和HA蛋白表达均先升高后降低,加人miRNA93抑制 剂,两株病毒NP和HA蛋白的表达均上调;加人miRNA192抑制剂,病毒SW2783的HA蛋白表达下调( P=2.10x10 -4), 而 SW650的HA蛋白表达上调( P=5.45x10 -5), NP蛋白反而下调( P=0.034) ;ELISA结果提示病毒SW2783和SW650感染细 胞后炎症因子IFN-β表达水平随感染时间延长而升高。 结论 研究表明miRNA93和miRNA192的表达与SIV病毒增 殖及宿主抗病毒免疫有关,可作为干预猪流感病毒跨种属感染的新靶点。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CTM
          China Tropical Medicine
          China Tropical Medicine (China )
          1009-9727
          01 January 2020
          01 March 2020
          : 20
          : 1
          : 1-7
          Affiliations
          1Department of Microbiology, Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi 530021, China
          Author notes
          Corresponding author: FAN Xiaohui, E-mail: fanxiaohui63@ 123456163.com
          Article
          j.cnki.46-1064/r.2020.01.01
          10.13604/j.cnki.46-1064/r.2020.01.01
          © 2020 Editorial Department of China Tropical Medicine

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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