17 November 2004
Background: The concentration of heart-type fatty acid-binding protein (hFABP), a promising novel marker for detection of acute or persistent myocardial damage, is significantly influenced by renal clearance and thus has limitations to its usefulness in patients with renal dysfunction. We evaluated whether the serum ratio of hFABP to myoglobin (F/M) might be a useful marker for assessing cardiac damage in hemodialysis patients. Methods: Serum hFABP and myoglobin were measured, and the value of F/M was calculated in 21 hemodialysis patients. Cardiac markers (cardiac troponin T [cTnT], atrial natriuretic peptide [ANP], and brain natriuretic peptide [BNP]) and echocardiographic indices (left ventricular end-diastolic dimension [LVDd], left ventricular mass index [LVMI], and inferior vena cava [IVC] dimension) were examined and compared with hFABP, myoglobin, and F/M ratios. Results: Serum hFABP and myoglobin levels were significantly elevated in hemodialysis patients and reduced by 30–40% during hemodialysis. The value of F/M after hemodialysis, but not the concentration of hFABP or myoglobin, had significant linear correlations with ANP, BNP, cTnT, LVDd, LVMI, and IVC. Conclusion: The value of F/M after hemodialysis, but not the concentration of hFABP itself, might be a newly useful marker for estimation of cardiac damage and volume overload in hemodialysis patients.