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      Having Friends, Keeping Friends, Making Friends, and Being Liked by Peers in the Classroom: Predictors of Children's Early School Adjustment?

      Child Development
      Wiley

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          Abstract

          The potential role that children's classroom peer relations play in their school adjustment was investigated during the first 2 months of kindergarten and the remainder of the school year. Measures of 125 children's classroom peer relationships were obtained on 3 occasions: at school entrance, after 2 months of school, and at the end of the school year. Measures of school adjustment, including children's school perceptions, anxiety, avoidance, and performance, were obtained during the second and third assessment occasions. After controlling mental age, sex, and preschool experience, measures of children's classroom peer relationships were used to forecast later school adjustment. Results indicated that children with a larger number of classroom friends during school entrance developed more favorable school perceptions by the second month, and those who maintained these relationships liked school better as the year progressed. Making new friends in the classroom was associated with gains in school performance, and early peer rejection forecasted less favorable school perceptions, higher levels of school avoidance, and lower performance levels over the school year.

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          Most cited references21

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          Behavioral Problems and Competencies Reported by Parents of Normal and Disturbed Children Aged Four Through Sixteen

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            Children's loneliness: a comparison of rejected and neglected peer status.

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              Long-term follow-up of early detected vulnerable children.

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Child Development
                Child Development
                Wiley
                0009-3920
                1467-8624
                August 1990
                August 1990
                : 61
                : 4
                : 1081-1100
                Article
                10.1111/j.1467-8624.1990.tb02843.x
                2209179
                ab1e2c46-e87a-4676-82cf-2b8af73d1d5e
                © 1990

                http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/tdm_license_1.1

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