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      Extending the longevity of a complicated arteriovenous fistula using endovascular intervention

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          A brachiocephalic arteriovenous fistula was complicated by a central venous stenosis, which could not be relieved. A cephalojugular bypass was performed using an interpositoned graft, which later developed tight stenoses at both ends of the graft. This was successfully treated with endovascular intervention, extending the longevity of the vascular access.

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          Most cited references 26

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          Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis: suspected causative role of gadodiamide used for contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging.

          Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis is a new, rare disease of unknown cause that affects patients with renal failure. Single cases led to the suspicion of a causative role of gadodiamide that is used for magnetic resonance imaging. This study therefore reviewed all of the authors' confirmed cases of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (n = 13) with respect to clinical characteristics, gadodiamide exposure, and subsequent clinical course. It was found that all had been exposed to gadodiamide before the development of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis. The delay from exposure to first sign of the disease was 2 to 75 d (median 25 d). Odds ratio for acquiring the disease when gadodiamide exposed was 32.5 (95% confidence interval 1.9 to 549.2; P < 0.0001). Seven (54%) patients became severely disabled, and one died 21 mo after exposure. No other exposure/event than gadodiamide that was common to more than a minority of the patients could be identified. These findings indicate that gadodiamide plays a causative role in nephrogenic systemic fibrosis.
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            III. NKF-K/DOQI Clinical Practice Guidelines for Vascular Access: update 2000.

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              Post catheterisation vein stenosis in haemodialysis: comparative angiographic study of 50 subclavian and 50 internal jugular accesses.

              From January 1986 to December 1990 we studied angiographically the subclavian-brachiocephalic vein of 100 patients dialysed by subclavian catheter for 50 (first group) and by internal jugular catheter for the 50 others (second group). These two groups were not statistically different as regards age (61.6 +/- 11.3 years in the first and 61 +/- 11.1 in the second), sex (48% and 56% were women), duration of catheter insertion (31 +/- 21.8 and 31.7 +/- 16 days), and the number of dialysis sessions (13.5 +/- 9.1 and 13.6 +/- 7.1). The type of catheters, the frequency of removal for poor flow (16% in both groups) or infections (6% in both groups), and the local nursing were similar in the two groups. The only difference was the side of cannulation: the right side in 58% of cases in group 1 and 78% in group 2. The angiographic study revealed a stenosis of the vein in 42% of the subclavian group and in 10% of the internal jugular group: a dramatic difference in favour of the internal jugular route, whose superiority over the subclavian route is asserted in respect of venous access of dialysed patients.

                Author and article information

                Indian J Nephrol
                Indian J Nephrol
                Indian Journal of Nephrology
                Medknow Publications & Media Pvt Ltd (India )
                May-Jun 2014
                : 24
                : 3
                : 185-188
                Department of Renal Medicine, Alice Springs Hospital, Alice Springs, Northern Territory, Australia
                Author notes
                Address for correspondence: Dr. Basant Pawar, Senior Specialist Renal Clinician, Alice Springs Hospital, Alice Springs, Northern Territory 0871, Australia. E-mail: basant.pawar@ 123456gmail.com
                Copyright: © Indian Journal of Nephrology

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                Case Report


                endovascular intervention, cephalojugular bypass graft, central venous stenosis


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