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      Metabolic Changes and Vascular Risk Factors in Hypopituitarism

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          Abstract

          Adults with hypopituitarism die prematurely, and the excess mortality is from vascular disease. On echocardiography we have demonstrated abnormalities of myocardial diastolic function in hypopituitary adults, indicating possible early ischaemic change. Peripheral arterial disease is evident on ultrasonography. Vascular risk factors have also been examined. Impaired glucose tolerance and unrecognized diabetes are common in hypopituitary adults. Total cholesterol levels are elevated, particularly in hypopituitary women. The role of growth hormone (GH) deficiency in the vascular disease and in the vascular-risk-factor abnormalities is unknown at present. Prolonged GH therapy causes a decrease in the levels of fasting total cholesterol, without any adverse effects on glucose homeostasis. GH therapy trials in adults will clarify the role of GH in the excess vascular risk of hypopituitarism. Prolonged GH therapy will be necessary for the vascular effects to be defined.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          HRE
          Horm Res Paediatr
          10.1159/issn.1663-2818
          Hormone Research in Paediatrics
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-5742-9
          978-3-318-01970-4
          1663-2818
          1663-2826
          1992
          1992
          03 December 2008
          : 38
          : Suppl 1
          : 68-72
          Affiliations
          aUnit of Metabolic Medicine, and bDepartment of Cardiology, St. Mary’s Hospital Medical School, London, UK
          Article
          182573 Horm Res 1992;38:68–72
          10.1159/000182573
          1295816
          © 1992 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 5
          Categories
          The Third hGH Symposium Sorrento 1992

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