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      Recombinant Human Growth Hormone in Chronic and Acute Respiratory Insufficiency

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          Abstract

          Chronic respiratory insufficiency leads to protein-calorie malnutrition (PCM). PCM results in increased morbidity (e.g., infection), which in turn promotes further body wasting. The latter leads to respiratory muscle dysfunction and acute respiratory failure. Nutritional support alone is generally insufficient to counterbalance this hypoxemic and stress-related muscle catabolism. Recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) can preserve or replenish nitrogen reserves, mostly contained in body muscle mass. It was hypothesized that rhGH, through its ability to improve muscle mass and function, could be a valuable therapeutic adjunct in both chronic and acute respiratory insufficiency. The results are controversial, and the beneficial effects of rhGH in patients with chronic and acute respiratory insufficiency, in terms of improvement of respiratory function, morbidity, and quality of life, remain to be shown. Well-designed studies, specifically targeting these end points as well as cost-effectiveness, are needed to better define the place of rhGH in the nutritional support of these patients.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          HRE
          10.1159/issn.0018-5051
          Hormone Research in Paediatrics
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-6432-8
          978-3-318-00112-9
          0018-5051
          2571-6603
          1996
          1996
          09 December 2008
          : 46
          : 4-5
          : 222-229
          Affiliations
          Divison of aNutrition, bMedical Intensive Care, cSurgical Intensive Care and, dNuclear Medicine, University Hospital, Geneva, Switzerland
          Article
          185027 Horm Res 1996;46:222–229
          10.1159/000185027
          © 1996 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 8
          Categories
          Session 3: Recent Advances in Therapy

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