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      Important Gaps in HIV Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices Among Young Asylum Seekers in Comparison to the General Population.

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          Abstract

          Migrants are disproportionately affected by HIV in many European countries, including Finland. We aimed to compare the HIV-related knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of young asylum seekers to those of the general young adult population. Two cross-sectional surveys were conducted among 20- to 25-year-old young adults: The TIE study among asylum seekers (n = 47) and the World AIDS Day 2014 study among the general population (n = 485). Important gaps in HIV KAP were identified especially among the young asylum seekers. For the general young adult population, previous HIV testing was associated with female gender, better HIV knowledge and increased sexual activity. Health education concerning HIV needs to be further enforced among young adults in Finland. Due to poorer HIV knowledge, young asylum seekers might be especially vulnerable to HIV. The asylum process is a window of opportunity for health education and HIV testing.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          J Immigr Minor Health
          Journal of immigrant and minority health
          Springer Science and Business Media LLC
          1557-1920
          1557-1912
          Dec 2018
          : 20
          : 6
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Doctoral Programme in Population Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland. paula.tiittala@thl.fi.
          [2 ] Department of Health Security, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Mannerheimintie 166, 00271, Helsinki, Finland. paula.tiittala@thl.fi.
          [3 ] Department of Infectious Diseases, Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland.
          [4 ] Department of Health Security, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Mannerheimintie 166, 00271, Helsinki, Finland.
          [5 ] Positiiviset ry, HivFinland, on behalf of the World Aids Day committee 2014, Helsinki, Finland.
          [6 ] Finnish Lung Health Association (Filha), on behalf of the TIE steering committee, Helsinki, Finland.
          Article
          10.1007/s10903-018-0707-8
          10.1007/s10903-018-0707-8
          29423620
          aba8e229-fa04-4a88-929d-a1b7c48fc14f
          History

          Asylum seeker,HIV,KAP,Testing,Young adult
          Asylum seeker, HIV, KAP, Testing, Young adult

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