08 June 2020
Hyperuricemia is an independent risk factor for renal damage and can promote the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). In the present study, we employ a rat model to investigate the effects of rosiglitazone (RGTZ), a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma agonist, on the development of hyperuricemic nephropathy (HN), and we elucidate the mechanisms involved.
An HN rat model was established by oral administration of a mixture of adenine and potassium oxonate daily for 3 weeks. Twenty-four rats were divided into 4 groups: sham treatment, sham treatment plus RGTZ, HN, and HN treated with RGTZ.
Administration of RGTZ effectively preserved renal function, decreased urine microalbumin, and inhibited interstitial fibrosis and macrophage infiltration in a rat HN model. RGTZ treatment also inhibited TGF-β and NF-κB pathway activation, decreased expression of fibronectin, collagen I, α-SMA, vimentin, MCP-1, RANTES, TNF-α, and IL-1β, and increased E-cadherin expression in the kidneys of HN rats. Furthermore, RGTZ treatment preserved expression of OAT1 and OAT3 in the kidney of HN rats.