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      Cortical Blindness in a Child Secondary to Mycoplasma pneumoniae Infection.

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          Abstract

          Our objective is to present a case of an uncommon complication associated with Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection in a child where cortical blindness was the main clinical feature. Stroke due to an infection by M. pneumoniae is very uncommon. No consensus has been reached on the pathogenesis, although several pathogenic mechanisms have been proposed. Occlusion of posterior cerebral circulation is the most uncommon central nervous system complication of M. pneumoniae infection being reported. Symptoms are usually hemiplegia and dysarthria. We report a case of a 6-year-old boy who suffered cortical blindness due to a stroke 2 days after M. pneumoniae infection. This is the first case of documented cortical blindness due to posterior cerebral arteries occlusion in children after M. pneumoniae infection.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis
          Journal of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases : the official journal of National Stroke Association
          Elsevier BV
          1532-8511
          1052-3057
          Jan 2017
          : 26
          : 1
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Department of Ophtalmology, La Paz University Hospital, IdiPaz, Madrid, Spain. Electronic address: a.gartir@gmail.com.
          [2 ] Department of Ophthalmology, Hospital Central de la Cruz Roja San José y Santa Adela, Madrid, Spain.
          [3 ] Department of Ophtalmology, La Paz University Hospital, IdiPaz, Madrid, Spain.
          [4 ] Department of Pediatrics Neurology, La Paz University Hospital, IdiPaz, Madrid, Spain.
          Article
          S1052-3057(16)30370-6
          10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2016.09.039
          27789154

          Cortical blindness, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, child, stroke

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