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      Música y violencia de género en España. Estudio comparado por estilos musicales Translated title: Music and gender violence in Spain. A comparative study by musical styles

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          Abstract

          Resumen: La violencia contra las mujeres continúa siendo un problema de primer orden en las sociedades contemporáneas. El objetivo de este trabajo es estudiar cómo se trata dicho problema en las canciones de música popular en España, estableciendo una relación entre los diferentes estilos musicales y la descripción que hacen de la violencia de género. Para ello, se ha optado por desarrollar una metodología cuantitativa basada en el análisis de contenido de una muestra integrada por un total de 210 canciones, las cuales poseen esta temática, acumuladas a lo largo de las últimas cuatro décadas. La presente investigación pretende mostrar cómo las canciones de música popular pueden ser una herramienta de comunicación ideal para concienciar a la sociedad sobre las dimensiones del problema de la violencia de género.

          Translated abstract

          Abstract: Violence against women remains a first-order social problem in contemporary societies. The objective of this work is to study how this problem is treated in popular music songs in Spain, establishing a relationship between the different musical styles and the description they make of gender violence. This research is developed from a quantitative methodology based on the content analysis of a sample of 210 songs that deal with gender violence in their lyrics over the last 40 years. This research wants to show how popular music songs are an ideal communication tool to raise awareness of the dimensions of the problem of gender violence.

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          Differential gender effects of exposure to rap music on African American adolescents' acceptance of teen dating violence

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            Content Analysis In Communicative Research

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              Aggressors or victims: gender and race in music video violence.

              To examine portrayals of violence in popular music videos for patterns of aggression and victimization by gender and race. Content analysis of 518 music videos broadcast over national music television networks, Black Entertainment Television (BET), Country Music Television (CMT), Music Television (MTV), and Video Hits-1 (VH-1) during a 4-week period at randomly selected times of high adolescent viewership. Differences in the genders and races portrayed as aggressors and victims in acts of violence. Seventy-six (14.7%) of the analyzed music videos contained portrayals of individuals engaging in overt interpersonal violence, with a mean of 6.1 violent acts per violence-containing video. Among the 462 acts of violence, the music video's main character was clearly the aggressor in 80.1% and the victim in 17.7%. In 391 (84.6%) of the violence portrayals, the gender of the aggressor or victim could be determined. Male gender was significantly associated with aggression; aggressors were 78.1% male, whereas victims were 46.3% female. This relationship was influenced by race. Among whites, 72.0% of the aggressors were male and 78.3% of the victims were female. Although blacks represent 12% of the United States population, they were aggressors in 25.0% and victims in 41.0% of music video violence. Controlling for gender, racial differences were significant among males; 29.0% of aggressors and 75.0% of victims were black. A logistic regression model did not find direct effects for gender and race, but revealed a significant interaction effect, indicating that the differences between blacks and whites were not the same for both genders. Black males were more likely than all others to be portrayed as victims of violence (adjusted odds ratio = 28.16, 95% confidence interval = 8.19, 84.94). Attractive role models were aggressors in more than 80% of music video violence. Males and females were victims with equivalent frequency, but males were more than three times as likely to be aggressors. Compared with United States demographics, blacks were overrepresented as aggressors and victims, whereas whites were underrepresented. White females were most frequently victims. Music videos may be reinforcing false stereotypes of aggressive black males and victimized white females. These observations raise concern for the effect of music videos on adolescents' normative expectations about conflict resolution, race, and male-female relationships.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                conver
                Convergencia
                Convergencia
                Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México, Facultad de Ciencias Políticas y Administración (Toluca, Estado de México, Mexico )
                1405-1435
                2448-5799
                April 2018
                : 25
                : 76
                : 75-98
                Affiliations
                [1] orgnameUniversidad Rey Juan Carlos de Madrid España jaime.hormigos@ 123456urjc.es
                [3] orgnameUniversidad Rey Juan Carlos de Madrid España salvador.perello@ 123456urjc.es
                [2] orgnameUniversidad Rey Juan Carlos de Madrid España maria.gomez@ 123456urjc.es
                Article
                S1405-14352018000100075
                10.29101/crcs.v25i76.4291
                abe4205d-18f3-4a08-b95b-687af6123232

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

                History
                : 05 February 2017
                : 04 July 2017
                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 30, Pages: 24
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                SciELO Mexico


                violence against women,musical communication,sociología de la música,sociology of music,canciones,violencia contra las mujeres,songs,socialización,comunicación musical,socialization

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