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      Effects of Assessment and Processing Techniques on the Shape of Arterial Pressure-Distension Loops

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          Abstract

          The dynamic mechanical characteristics of the arterial wall, especially its alinearity and viscoelastic behaviour, are revealed by pressure-distension loops, where the change in diameter (distension) of a lumen is plotted as a function of the change in transmural pressure. For linearity, the pressure-distension loop should be closed and straight, while viscous behavior results in an open loop. For a correct interpretation of the loops, it is essential that both distension and pressure are recorded simultaneously at the same location and processed by circuitries having the same frequency characteristics. The present paper aims at quantifying the effect of misalignment in recording position and of mismatch in frequency characteristics by analyzing the distension and pressure waveforms obtained at known locations in a phantom rig under pulsatile conditions with equipment with a validated frequency response. It is concluded that misalignment of only a few millimeters or mismatch in frequency response, even if the cutoff frequencies are far beyond the signal frequencies of interest, strongly affects the shape of the pressure-distension loop. If the forward and reflected pressure wave partially coincide, position misalignment cannot adquately be corrected for. The frequency mismatch, however, can be corrected for by crosswise preprocessing a waveform by a filter with the frequency response of the registration equipment used for the recording of the other waveform. It is important to consider these artifacts in interpreting pressure-distension loops in the clinical situation.

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          The static elastic properties of 45 human thoracic and 20 abdominal aortas in vitro and the parameters of a new model

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            Author and article information

            Journal
            JVR
            J Vasc Res
            10.1159/issn.1018-1172
            Journal of Vascular Research
            S. Karger AG
            1018-1172
            1423-0135
            2000
            December 2000
            10 January 2001
            : 37
            : 6
            : 494-500
            Affiliations
            Departments of aBiophysics and bPhysiology, Cardiovascular Research Institute Maastricht (CARIM), Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
            Article
            54082 J Vasc Res 2000;37:494–500
            10.1159/000054082
            11146403
            © 2000 S. Karger AG, Basel

            Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

            Page count
            Figures: 7, References: 20, Pages: 7
            Categories
            Research Paper

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