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      Insulin-Like Growth Factor -I Deficiency

      ,

      Hormone Research in Paediatrics

      S. Karger AG

      Growth, Growth hormone, IGF-I system, IGF-I, GHI, Insulin insensitivity

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          Abstract

          The insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system composed of two ligands, their receptors and regulatory proteins (acid-labile subunit and IGF-binding proteins) plays a central role in the regulation of growth and development in mammals. In addition to its key role in the stimulation of cellular proliferation and growth, IGF-I has important effects on carbohydrate, protein and bone metabolism. The molecular biology and physiology of the IGF system are complex, resulting in many potential mechanisms of IGF deficiency. Briefly, IGF-I deficiency may result from a primary defect in the IGF-I gene, its promoters, or may be secondary to a defect outside the gene itself. It may also result as a consequence of growth hormone (GH) deficiency, GH receptor/post-receptor abnormalities or abnormalities of the IGF-I receptor. The purpose of this presentation is to review the different types of IGF-I deficiency using the well-characterized clinical conditions with its associated biochemical and molecular defects. The clinical consequences in terms of phenotype-genotype, linear growth and body composition in patients with primary and secondary IGF deficiency will be presented, together with results from recombinant human (rh)IGF-I replacement therapy. Finally, as primary IGF-I deficiency is associated with insulin resistance, some of the metabolic actions of IGF-I will be briefly discussed.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          HRE
          Horm Res Paediatr
          10.1159/issn.1663-2818
          Hormone Research in Paediatrics
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-7238-5
          978-3-318-00713-8
          1663-2818
          1663-2826
          2001
          2001
          17 November 2004
          : 55
          : Suppl 1
          : 17-20
          Affiliations
          Paediatric Endocrinology Section, Department of Endocrinology, St. Bartholomew’s Hospital, London, UK
          Article
          63457 Horm Res 2001;55(suppl 1):17–20
          10.1159/000063457
          11408756
          © 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Tables: 1, References: 19, Pages: 4
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