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      Non-Paralleled Increase of Hepatocyte Growth Factor and Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor in the Eyes with Angiogenic and Nonangiogenic Fibroproliferation

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          Abstract

          Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has been known as principal angiogenic factor in vasculogenesis, tumor angiogenesis and ocular angiogenesis. Currently, hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) has been reported to play a major role in ocular angiogenesis. We studied distribution of both growth factors in angiogenic and non-angiogenic fibroproliferation to determine the correlation of VEGF and HGF in retinal angiogenesis. Concentrations of VEGF and HGF molecules in vitreous samples from 27 eyes with angiogenic proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) and 9 eyes with non-angiogenic proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Vitreous samples with idiopathic macular role (IMH) served as a control. Concentrations of VEGF in the angiogenic PDR were 4.3 ± 5.8 ng/ml (mean ± SD), and were significantly higher than in non-angiogenic PVR (0.5 ± 0.1 ng/ml). No significant differences were observed on VEGF concentrations between PVR to control. On the contrary, HGF concentrations were significantly higher in PVR (22.5 ± 21.8 ng/ml) than in control (6.9 ± 5.2 ng/ml), those of PDR (24.0 ± 16.3 ng/ml) were also significantly higher than control. Among PDR samples, VEGF concentration was significantly higher than in the subgroup with higher angiogenic activity represented by iris neovascularization, although there were no significant differences on HGF concentration between the subgroups. Focal increases in HGF on fibroproliferation in the eye regardless of the involvement of angiogenesis were not in remarkable relation with angiogenic activity, unlike VEGF. These data suggested a more extensive role of HGF than VEGF strictly related to angiogenesis.

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          Hepatocyte growth factor is a potent angiogenic factor which stimulates endothelial cell motility and growth

          Hepatocyte Growth Factor (HGF, also known as Scatter Factor) is a powerful mitogen or motility factor in different cells, acting through the tyrosine kinase receptor encoded by the MET protooncogene. Endothelial cells express the MET gene and expose at the cell surface the mature protein (p190MET) made of a 50 kD (alpha) subunit disulfide linked to a 145-kD (beta) subunit. HGF binding to endothelial cells identifies two sites with different affinities. The higher affinity binding site (Kd = 0.35 nM) corresponds to the p190MET receptor. Sub- nanomolar concentrations of HGF, but not of a recombinant inactive precursor, stimulate the receptor kinase activity, cell proliferation and motility. HGF induces repairs of a wound in endothelial cell monolayer. HGF stimulates the scatter of endothelial cells grown on three-dimensional collagen gels, inducing an elongated phenotype. In the rabbit cornea, highly purified HGF promotes neovascularization at sub-nanomolar concentrations. HGF lacks activities related to hemostasis-thrombosis, inflammation and endothelial cells accessory functions. These data show that HGF is an in vivo potent angiogenic factor and in vitro induces endothelial cells to proliferate and migrate.
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            Author and article information

            Journal
            ORE
            Ophthalmic Res
            10.1159/issn.0030-3747
            Ophthalmic Research
            S. Karger AG
            0030-3747
            1423-0259
            2002
            February 2002
            07 February 2002
            : 34
            : 1
            : 43-47
            Affiliations
            The Department of Ophthalmology, Fukuoka University, School of Medicine, Fukuoka, Japan
            Article
            48324 Ophthalmic Res 2002;34:43–47
            10.1159/000048324
            11834884
            © 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel

            Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

            Page count
            Figures: 5, Tables: 1, References: 36, Pages: 5
            Categories
            Original Paper

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