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      A Novel Rat Model of Carotid Artery Stenting for the Understanding of Restenosis in Metabolic Diseases

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          Abstract

          The effects of risk modifiers such as diabetes, obesity and hypertension on vascular healing after stent deployment are largely unknown, because of a lack of an appropriate animal model to study. Since many inbred strains of rats expressing these phenotypes are available, we validated a carotid artery model of in-stent restenosis in the rat. A detailed histomorphometric analysis was performed on 2-cell Multi-Link<sup>TM</sup> stents (1.5 × 5 mm) deployed in the common carotid artery of male Wistar rats. Early focal thrombus formation around stent struts with adherent leukocytes was evident by day 3. The number of ED-1-positive macrophages was maximal by day 7 and declined markedly thereafter. Neointimal cell proliferation peaked by day 7 (19.3 ± 6.9) and progressively decreased to <2% by day 60. By day 14, neointimal area was significantly increased (0.39 ± 0.03 vs. 0.18 ± 0.05 mm<sup>2</sup> at day 7, p = 0.003) characterized by an enhanced number of α-actin-positive smooth muscle cells surrounded by extracellular matrix rich in versican and hyaluronan. At day 28, neointimal area was maximal accompanied by an appreciable decrease in the staining intensity for hyaluronan and versican. By day 60, neointimal area decreased significantly (0.28 ± 0.04 vs. 0.45 ± 0.07 mm<sup>2</sup> at day 28, p = 0.04) independent of a change in cell density. This regression phase was accompanied by a marked increase in elastin fibrils and collagen type I. In summary, vascular healing following carotid artery stenting in the rat parallels that of larger animals; however, it is accelerated relative to humans.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          2002
          October 2002
          18 September 2002
          : 39
          : 5
          : 414-425
          Affiliations
          aDepartment of Cardiovascular Pathology, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Washington, D.C., bMassachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Mass., and cHope Heart Institute, Seattle, Wash., USA
          Article
          64518 J Vasc Res 2002;39:414–425
          10.1159/000064518
          12297704
          © 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 7, Tables: 2, References: 36, Pages: 12
          Categories
          Research Paper

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