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      A Study of Ginsenoside-Rd in a Renal Ischemia-Reperfusion Model

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          Abstract

          The effect of ginsenoside-Rd in ischemic-reperfused rats was examined. In control rats, blood and renal parameters and the activities of antioxidative enzymes in renal tissue deviated from the normal range, indicating dysfunction of the kidneys. In contrast, when ginsenoside-Rd was given orally for 30 consecutive days prior to ischemia and reperfusion, the activities of the antioxidation enzymes superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase were higher, while malondialdehyde levels in serum and renal tissue were lower in the treated rats than in the controls. Decreased levels of urea nitrogen and creatinine in serum demonstrated a protective action against the renal dysfunction caused by ischemia and recirculation. On the other hand, it was demonstrated that ginsenoside-Rd affected cultured proximal tubule cells subjected to hypoxia-reoxygenation, probably by preventing oxygen free radicals from attacking the cell membranes.

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          Most cited references 2

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          A simple fluorometric assay for lipoperoxide in blood plasma.

           K Yagi (1976)
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            Increase of Active Oxygen in Rats after Nephrectomy is Suppressed by Ginseng Saponin

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              Author and article information

              Journal
              NEF
              Nephron
              10.1159/issn.1660-8151
              Nephron
              S. Karger AG
              1660-8151
              2235-3186
              1998
              February 1998
              26 January 1998
              : 78
              : 2
              : 201-206
              Affiliations
              Research Institute for Wakan-Yaku, Toyama Medical and Pharmaceutical University, Toyama, Japan
              Article
              44911 Nephron 1998;78:201–206
              10.1159/000044911
              9496738
              © 1998 S. Karger AG, Basel

              Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

              Page count
              Figures: 1, Tables: 5, References: 28, Pages: 6
              Product
              Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/44911
              Categories
              Original Paper

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