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      Intercellular Adhesion Molecule 1 Mediates Mononuclear Cell Infiltration into Rat Glomeruli after Renal Ablation

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          Mononuclear cells, primarily macrophages and lymphocytes, infiltrate the renal glomeruli and are involved in the progression of various glomerular diseases. Intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) is expressed on the vascular endothelium and mediates the infiltration of leukocytes into the site of inflammation. Although the expression of ICAM-1 can be induced by the stimulation of inflammatory cytokine, ICAM-1 expression can also be induced by such nonimmune mechanisms as shear stress. Glomerular hyperfiltration is a major mechanism that contributes to the progression of the glomerular sclerosis that results from the loss of functioning nephrons. In the present study, we examined the role of ICAM-1 for mononuclear cell infiltration in the glomeruli of the five-sixth nephrectomized rat as a model of glomerular hyperfiltration. The fluorescence intensity score of the staining for ICAM-1 in the glomeruli of the five-sixth nephrectomized rats was significantly increased as compared with that in the control (sham-operated) rats at 1 week (1.51 ± 0.15 vs. 0.61 ± 0.13; p < 0.01) and 2 weeks (1.31 ± 0.17 vs. 0.51 ± 0.09; p < 0.01). The number of leukocytes present in the glomeruli was significantly increased in the five-sixth nephrectomized rats compared with control (sham-operated) rats at 1 week (3.44 ± 0.16 vs. 0.99 ± 0.08; p < 0.01) and 2 weeks (3.14 ± 0.14 vs. 0.89 ± 0.07; p < 0.01). Leukocytes mainly consisted of macrophages in the five-sixth nephrectomized rats at 1 week (2.39 ± 0.19) and 2 weeks (1.46 ± 0.11). Anti-ICAM-1 monoclonal antibody effectively prevented the infiltration of macrophages into the glomeruli following nephrectomy. These results indicate that glomerular hyperfiltration may be involved in the induction of the expression of ICAM-1 and the infiltration of macrophages into the renal glomeruli following glomerular injury.

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          Most cited references 2

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          Flow stimulates ICAM-1 expression time and shear stress dependently in cultured human endothelial cells.

           H Tsuboi,  J Ando,  A Kamiya (1995)
          Human umbilical vein endothelial cells were subjected to controlled levels of shear stress in a flow-loading apparatus, and changes in the expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1) were measured by flow cytometry. Application of shear stress (15 dynes/cm2) increased the cell surface expression of ICAM-1 2.7 times the control level 4 hr after the onset of flow, while it caused no change in VCAM-1 expression. The increase of ICAM-1 expression by shear stress was time- and force-dependent and reversible. Flow loading using perfusates with different viscosity revealed that the increase in ICAM-1 was shear-stress- rather than shear-rate-dependent. Reverse transcriptase/polymerase chain reaction analysis showed upregulation of ICAM-1 mRNA levels by shear stress, whose time course closely paralleled that of the cell surface protein. These results suggest that shear stress generated by blood flow acts as a regulator of cell adhesion molecule expression on vascular endothelial cells.
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            Shear stress increases heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor mRNA levels in human vascular endothelial cells.

            Heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor (HB-EGF) is a recently identified potent vascular smooth muscle cell (SMC) mitogen. We investigated the effect of shear stress on human HB-EGF mRNA levels in cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). In response to shear stress (8 dyne/cm2), HB-EGF mRNA levels in HUVEC increased rapidly, peaked at 3 h, and returned to near base line at 7 h. The shear stress-induced HB-EGF gene expression in HUVEC is completely blocked by 12-O-tetra-decanoylphorbol-13-acetate pre-treatment, suggesting the induction of HB-EGF is mediated by protein kinase C.

              Author and article information

              S. Karger AG
              May 1998
              29 April 1998
              : 79
              : 1
              : 91-98
              a Department of Medicine III, Okayama University Medical School, Okayama, and b Department of Bioregulation, Biomedical Research Center, Osaka University Medical School, Osaka, Japan
              44997 Nephron 1998;79:91–98
              © 1998 S. Karger AG, Basel

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              Page count
              Figures: 6, References: 41, Pages: 8
              Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/44997
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