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      Systolic Anterior Motion of the Mitral Valve with and without Asymmetric Septal Hypertrophy

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          Abstract

          Abnormal systolic anterior (SAM) motion of the mitral valve without asymmetric hypertrophy of the interventricular septum was observed in 16 patients (group 1). 5 of the 16 patients had no other evidence of heart disease and the remaining 11 had a variety of cardiac disorders. Left ventricular dimensions, septal and posterior wall thickness, left ventricular ejection fraction, the mean velocity of circumferential fiber shortening, and the mean velocity of the posterior wall and septal contraction were measured by echocardiography in all patients in group 1. These measurements were compared with similar measurements in 14 patients with idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis (group 2) and in 11 normal subjects (group 3) to evaluate the role of the left ventricular contractility with particular reference to the left ventricular posterior wall motion in production of SAM. All patients with SAM (groups 1 and 2) showed significantly higher indexes of left ventricular contractility, particularly posterior wall velocity, and normalized mean posterior wall velocity, when compared to the normal subjects. The significantly higher posterior wall and the normalized mean posterior wall velocities in all patients with SAM suggest that the exaggerated systolic anterior motion of the left ventricular posterior wall plays an important role in production of SAM in the presence or absence of asymmetric septal hypertrophy.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1980
          1980
          31 October 2008
          : 66
          : 3
          : 147-162
          Affiliations
          Cardiology Section, Medical Service, Veterans Administration Hospital, and Departments of Medicine and Physiology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, N.Y.
          Article
          170860 Cardiology 1980;66:147–162
          10.1159/000170860
          6447540
          © 1980 S. Karger AG, Basel

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          Page count
          Pages: 16
          Categories
          Original Paper

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