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      ESTILOS DE LIDERAZGO DE HOMBRES Y MUJERES EN LAS PYMES Translated title: LEADERSHIP STYLES OF MEN AND WOMEN IN THE SMES

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          Abstract

          RESUMEN Según el género (hombre o mujer) se ejercen diferentes estilos de liderazgo. Por un lado, las mujeres han sido catalogadas más transformacionales que los hombres, que se consideran, por el contrario, más transaccionales. En este sentido, este estudio identifica el estilo de liderazgo promovido según el género de los gerentes en las pymes de Cali del sector manufacturero y de alta tecnología. Para este fin, se aplicó el cuestionario multifactorial de liderazgo (MLQ) a una muestra probabilística de 142 gerentes. Los resultados muestran que el estilo predominante en las pymes es el transformacional, tanto en hombres como en mujeres, es decir, que no difieren en su estilo de liderazgo de manera significativa. Esta investigación contribuye a un nuevo contexto según el cual el estilo de liderazgo no varía de acuerdo con el género y plantea la idea de que hombres y mujeres pueden dirigir de manera similar.

          Translated abstract

          ABSTRACT Different leadership styles are exercised according to the gender (male or female). On the one hand, women have been regarded as more transformational individuals than men, who, on the contrary, are considered more transactional. In this regard, this study identifies the leadership style promoted according to the manager’s gender in the SMES of the manufacturing and high technology sector in Cali. To this end, the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ) is applied to a probability sample of 142 managers. The results show that the transformational style predominates in the SMES for both men and women. Therefore, there is no meaningful difference between the leadership style of both. This research contributes to a new context in which the leadership style does not vary on the basis of gender, and it raises the idea that both men and women can lead similarly.

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          Most cited references 49

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          Transformational, transactional, and laissez-faire leadership styles: a meta-analysis comparing women and men.

          A meta-analysis of 45 studies of transformational, transactional, and laissez-faire leadership styles found that female leaders were more transformational than male leaders and also engaged in more of the contingent reward behaviors that are a component of transactional leadership. Male leaders were generally more likely to manifest the other aspects of transactional leadership (active and passive management by exception) and laissez-faire leadership. Although these differences between male and female leaders were small, the implications of these findings are encouraging for female leadership because other research has established that all of the aspects of leadership style on which women exceeded men relate positively to leaders' effectiveness whereas all of the aspects on which men exceeded women have negative or null relations to effectiveness.
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            Leadership and Performance Beyond Expectations

             B BASS,  B. Bass,  B. Bass (1985)
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              The Leadership Styles of Women and Men

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                adter
                AD-minister
                AD-minister
                Escuela de Administración de la Universidad EAFIT (Medellín, Antioquia, Colombia )
                1692-0279
                December 2017
                : 0
                : 31
                : 25-46
                Affiliations
                Valle del Cauca orgnameUniversidad del Valle Colombia monica.garcia@ 123456correounivalle.edu.co
                Valle del Cauca orgnameUniversidad del Valle Colombia edgar.gaviria@ 123456correounivalle.edu.co
                Valle del Cauca orgnameUniversidad del Valle Colombia salas.laura@ 123456correounivalle.edu.co
                Article
                S1692-02792017000200025
                10.17230/ad-minister.31.2

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 54, Pages: 22
                Product
                Product Information: website

                manager., gender, Liderazgo, Leadership, género, gerente.

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