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      DISCRIMINACIÓN Y VIOLENCIA DE GÉNERO EN LA UNIVERSIDAD DE CALDAS Translated title: DISCRIMINATION AND GENDER VIOLENCE AT UNIVERSIDAD DE CALDAS Translated title: DISCRIMINAÇÃO E VIOLÊNCIA DE GENERO NA UNIVERSIDADE DE CALDAS

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          Abstract

          Objetivo: evidenciar y caracterizar los actos de discriminación y violencia de género que suceden entre los miembros de la comunidad universitaria (docentes, administrativos y estudiantes) de la Facultad de Ciencias para la Salud de la Universidad de Caldas (Colombia). Materiales y Métodos: estudio descriptivo, prospectivo y de corte, realizado entre el segundo período académico de 2010 y el primero de 2011, con fuente de información primaria y muestra seleccionada aleatoriamente. Resultados: la encuesta fue diligenciada por 292 estudiantes, 88 docentes y 18 administrativos; se encontró que el 64,6% de la población tiene antecedente de haber sido víctima de alguno de los eventos estudiados: discriminación por aspecto físico, procedencia, género, estrato socioeconómico, orientación sexual y religión; agresión verbal, física y psicológica; abuso de autoridad; acoso laboral; amenaza o intimidación; sanción o castigo; chantaje; burlas, piropos o gestos obscenos; exclusión; acoso sexual y violación sexual. El 50% de los empleados refirió el antecedente de al menos uno de estos hechos, así como el 40,9% de los docentes y el 72,6% de los estudiantes. Los tipos de violencia más frecuentemente reportados por la comunidad universitaria en general fueron abuso de autoridad (36,9%), burlas, gestos o piropos obscenos (26,9%), agresión verbal (23,4%), agresión psicológica (22,1%) y discriminación por aspecto físico (12,3%). Conclusión: los resultados permiten evidenciar la existencia de la problemática estudiada dentro de la comunidad universitaria de la Facultad de Ciencias para la Salud, y fundamentan la necesidad de realizar intervenciones desde el punto de vista administrativo y de bienestar universitario.

          Translated abstract

          Objective: the aim of this study was to characterize and evidence acts of discrimination and gender violence occurring among the members (professors, students, and administrative staff). of the Faculty of Health Sciences at Universidad de Caldas, Colombia Materials and Methods: this is a descriptive, prospective and cross-sectional study, conducted between the second semester of 2010 and the first semester of 2011, with a primary source of information and sample randomly selected. Results: the questionnaire was completed by 292 students, 88 professors and 18 administrative employees. It was found that 64.6% of the population had been a victim in one of the studied events: discrimination because of physical appearance, origin, gender, social-economic status, sexual orientation and religion; verbal, physical and psychological aggression; abuse of authority; harassment in the workplace; threat or intimidation; sanction or punishment; blackmail; teasing, compliments, or obscene gestures; exclusion; sexual harassment and rape. 50% of the employees referred the antecedent of at least one of these facts, as well as 40.9% of professors and 72.6% of students. The types of violence reported more frequently by the University community in general were: abuse of authority (36.9%), teasing, gestures or obscene compliments (26.9%), verbal aggression (23.4%), psychological aggression (22.1%) and discrimination because of physical appearance (12.3%). Conclusion: the results demonstrate the existence of the studied problem within the community of the Faculty of Health Sciences and support the need for interventions from the University welfare and authorities view points.

          Translated abstract

          Objetivo: evidenciar e caracterizar os atos de discriminação e violência de gênero que sucedem entre membros da comunidade universitária (docentes, administrativos e estudantes) da Faculdade de Ciências para a Saúde da Universidade de Caldas (Colombia). Materiais e Métodos: pesquisa descritiva, prospectiva e de corte, realizado entre o segundo período acadêmico de 2010 e o primeiro de 2011, com fonte de informação primaria e amostra selecionada aleatoriamente. Resultados: A enquete foi diligenciada por 292 estudantes, 88 docentes e 18 administrativos; encontrou se que o 64% da povoação tem antecedentes de tem sido vítima de algum dos eventos estudados: discriminação por aspecto físico, procedência, gênero, estrato socioeconômico, orientação sexual e religião; agressão verbal, física e psicológica; abuso de autoridade; acosso laboral; ameaça ou intimidação; sanção ou castigo; chantagem; burla galanteia os gestos obscenos; exclusão, acosso sexual e estupro. O 50% dos empregados referiu o antecedente de ao menos um destes fatos, assim como o 40,9% dos docentes e o 72,6% dos estudantes. O tipo de violência mais frequente reportados pela comunidade universitária em geral foram abuso de autoridade (36,9%), burlas, gestos ou galanteios obscenos (26,9%), agressão verbal (23,4%), agressão psicológica (22,1%) e discriminação por aspecto físico (12,3%). Conclusão: Os resultados permitem evidenciar a existência da problemática estudada dentro da comunidade universitária da Faculdade de Ciências para a Saúde, e fundamentam a necessidade de realisar intervenções desde o ponto de vista administrativo e de bem estar universitário.

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          The content and development of mobbing at work

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            Mobbing in the workplace by peers and managers: mobbing experienced by nurses working in healthcare facilities in Turkey and its effect on nurses.

            This research was conducted as a descriptive and cross-sectional study with the purpose of determining the mobbing experienced by nurses who work in healthcare facilities in Turkey, its emotional, social and physiological effects on the nurses and the actions that the individuals take to escape from the mobbing. The term 'mobbing', which includes workplace terrorizing, pressure, frightening, belittling and psycho-terror, is defined as the presence of systematic, directed, unethical communication and antagonistic behaviour by one or more individuals. These actions that occur frequently and continue for a long time are the most serious and effective causes of workplace stress. The person who is the target of the mobbing is left without help, without protection and alone in the workplace. Individuals who are exposed to psychological abuse experience physiological, psychological and social problems that are related to high levels of stress and anxiety. The research participants were 505 nurses of whom 325 (64%) worked in public and 180 (36%) in private hospitals. All of the participants were female. A questionnaire developed by the researchers in the light of information in the literature was used for data collection and had four sections including the participants' demographic characteristics and questions asking about mobbing behaviours, reaction to mobbing incidents and actions taken to escape from the mobbing. The data were collected between October and December 2005 by giving an envelope to the participants and then collecting the responses in the closed envelope. The overwhelming majority (86.5%) of the nurses participating in the research reported facing mobbing behaviour in the workplace in the last 12 months. The nurses working at private hospitals faced statistically significantly more mobbing behaviours than those at public hospitals (p
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              Does students' exposure to gender discrimination and sexual harassment in medical school affect specialty choice and residency program selection?

              To examine the role of gender discrimination and sexual harassment in medical students' choice of specialty and residency program. Anonymous, self-administered questionnaires were distributed in 1997 to fourth-year students enrolled in 14 public and private U.S. medical schools. In addition to reporting the frequency of gender discrimination and sexual harassment encountered during preclinical coursework, core clerkships, elective clerkships, and residency selection, students assessed the impact of these exposures (none, a little, some, quite a bit, the deciding factor) on their specialty choices and rankings of residency programs. A total of 1,314 (69%) useable questionnaires were returned. Large percentages of men (83.2%) and women (92.8%) experienced, observed, or heard about at least one incident of gender discrimination and sexual harassment during medical school, although more women reported such behavior across all training contexts. Compared with men, significantly (p
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                hpsal
                Hacia la Promoción de la Salud
                Hacia promoc. Salud
                Universidad de Caldas. Vicerrectoría de Investigaciones y Postgrados (Manizales )
                0121-7577
                July 2012
                : 17
                : 1
                : 59-76
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Universidad de Caldas Colombia
                [2 ] Universidad de Caldas Colombia
                [3 ] Universidad de Caldas Colombia
                Article
                S0121-75772012000100005
                ad4734c2-b065-4bd6-b078-b6ff9b240a04

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

                History
                Product

                SciELO Colombia

                Self URI (journal page): http://www.scielo.org.co/scielo.php?script=sci_serial&pid=0121-7577&lng=en
                Categories
                PUBLIC, ENVIRONMENTAL & OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH

                Public health
                Discrimination,violence,medicine,nursery,education,Discriminação,violência,medicina,enfermagem,educação,Discriminación,violencia,enfermería,educación

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