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      Predictors of Clinical Recurrence after Successful Electrical Cardioversion of Chronic Persistent Atrial Fibrillation: Clinical and Electrophysiological Observations

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          Abstract

          Recurrence of atrial fibrillation (AF) after electrical cardioversion of chronic AF is not uncommon. However, it remains unclear which parameter(s) predict clinical recurrence. To assess the potential predictors of clinical recurrence after successful electrical cardioversion, we analyzed clinical, echocardiographic and electrophysiologic parameters in 36 patients (age 63 ± 11 years; 26 males, 10 females) with chronic persistent AF lasting more than 3 months. The dimensions of the left atrium and left ventricular end diastole and end systole were measured by echocardiography. The P wave characteristics from the surface 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) were studied in sinus rhythm. Atrial local activations were studied by biatrial basket electrode mapping in AF. With a mean of 7 ± 2 months of follow-up, 17 (47%) patients had AF recurrence despite multiple antiarrhythmic drug therapy. None of the clinical or echocardiographic parameters were relevant to the recurrence. However, among the surface ECG and intraatrial electrophysiological parameters, the mean P wave duration was the only independent predictor of the risk of clinical recurrence after successful electrical cardioversion. The sensitivity and predictive accuracy of recurrence were 82 and 70%, respectively, when the mean P wave duration was more than 125 ms.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          2002
          June 2002
          12 June 2002
          : 97
          : 3
          : 133-137
          Affiliations
          Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC
          Article
          63329 Cardiology 2002;97:133–137
          10.1159/000063329
          12077565
          © 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Tables: 1, References: 27, Pages: 5
          Categories
          Arrhythmias, Electrophysiology, and Electrocardiography

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