Objective To explore the relationship between physical exercise and smoking behavior in adolescents aged 16–18, and to provide reference for promoting tobacco control among teenagers.
Methods A total of 1 057 adolescents who took part in the 2018 China Family Panel Studies (CFPS 2018) were investigated for smoking and physical exercise. The Chi-square test, Mann-Whitney U test, Pearson correlation analysis and Logistic regression analysis were performed to explore the relationship between adolescent physical exercise and smoking behavior.
Results There were 104 (9.8%) smokers among the adolescents. The age at starting smoking was (14.21±2.68) years old and the age of quitting smoking was (14.41±2.72) years old. Age (χ 2= 7.23), gender (χ 2 = 83.01), school status (χ 2 = 107.12), physical exercise ( Z = −2.20), subjective well-being ( Z = −2.20) and life satisfaction ( Z = −2.93) were associated with adolescent smoking ( P<0.05). Physical exercise was negatively correlated with adolescent smoking ( OR = 0.92, P = 0.03). After controlling demographic and psychosocial and cognitive variables, the negative correlation was not statistically significant ( OR = 0.93, P = 0.08). Further analysis showed that physical exercise was negatively correlated with boys smoking ( OR = 0.91, P =0.04), but it was not statistically correlated with girls smoking ( OR = 1.12, P =0.20).
Conclusion Physical exercise is associated with lower rate of smoking among adolescents aged 16–18, but no similar association is found in girls.The findings warrants further longitudinal study.
【摘要】 目的 探讨16~18岁青少年体育锻炼与吸烟行为的关系, 为促进青少年控烟提供参考。 方法 以2018年中国 家庭追踪调査(CFPS 2018)中的1 057名青少年为调査对象, 调査其吸烟与体育锻炼情况, 采用χ 2检验、Mann-Whitney U检 验、Pearson相关分析、Logistic回归分析探讨青少年体育锻炼与吸烟行为的关系。 结果 被试青少年中有104(9.8%)名吸 烟者, 开始吸烟的年龄为(14.21±2.68)岁, 戒烟年龄为(14.41±2.72)岁。年龄(χ 2 = 7.23)、性别(χ 2 = 83.01)、上学状态(χ 2 = 107.12)、体育锻炼( Z = −2.20)、主观幸福感( Z = −2.20)和生活满意度( Z = −2.93)是青少年吸烟风险的相关因素( P值均<0.05)。体育锻炼与青少年吸烟行为呈负相关 ( OR = 0.92, P = 0.03), 控制人口统计学和社会认知心理变量后, 负相关作用 无统计学意义 ( OR = 0.93, P = 0.08); 进一步分析显示, 体育锻炼与男生吸烟呈负相关 ( OR = 0.91, P = 0.04), 但与女生吸烟可 能性的关系无统计学意义 ( OR = 1.12, P =0.20)。 结论 体育锻炼与 16~18 岁青少年吸烟风险呈负相关, 但未发现体育锻 炼与女生吸烟行为的关联, 有待后续研究进一步探讨。