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      Muslim Women’s use of contraception in the United States


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          American Muslim women are an understudied population; thus, significant knowledge gaps exist related to their most basic health behaviors and indicators. Considering this, we examined American Muslim women’s contraception utilization patterns.


          Self-reported data collected in late 2015 were analyzed. Women who identified as Muslim, were at least 18 years old, sexually active, and current residents of the United States ( n = 224) met the inclusion criteria. Convenience sampling was employed. Multivariate logistic regression models estimated associations between demographics, marital status, ethnicity, nativity, health insurance, religious practice, and contraception use.


          Identifying as Muslim, in general, was significantly associated with greater odds of using contraception in general and condoms compared to American Muslim women who identify as Sunni. Identifying as Shia was associated with greater odds of using oral contraceptive pills relative to Sunni respondents. South Asian ethnicity was associated with higher odds of using oral contraceptive pills compared to those of Middle Eastern or North African ethnicity.


          Findings suggest American Muslim women’s contraception utilization patterns share certain similarities with both American women in general and disadvantaged racial and ethnic minority groups in the United States, implying that factors that influence American Muslim women’s use of contraceptives are possibly countervailing and likely multifaceted. More research is needed to accurately identify associates of contraceptive use in this population. This work serves as a starting point for researchers and practitioners seeking to better understand reproductive health decision in this understudied population.

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          Most cited references31

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            Examining attribution model of self-stigma on social support and psychological well-being among people with HIV+/AIDS.

            Among various infectious diseases, HIV/AIDS is considered to be one of the most stigmatizing conditions. Using a prospective design, the present study attempted to test the attributional pathway from perceived control to responsibility to self-blame and finally to self-stigmatization, and to examine the social and psychological sequelae of stigma among a sample of 119 people with HIV/AIDS (PWHA) in Hong Kong. Structural equation modeling findings showed that the model had good fit to the data. Although the linkage between the attributions of control, responsibility, and blame was confirmed, the relationship of blame to self-stigma was not significant. Self-stigma was found to dampen social support and lead to psychological distress half a year later. The present study challenged the adequacy of attributional factors in understanding self-stigmatization and demonstrated the impact of stigma on psychological adjustment among PWHA.
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              Gender, culture, and power: Barriers to HIV‐prevention strategies for women


                Author and article information

                +205-975-7613 , budhwani@uab.edu
                Reprod Health
                Reprod Health
                Reproductive Health
                BioMed Central (London )
                5 January 2018
                5 January 2018
                : 15
                : 1
                [1 ]Department of Health Care Organization and Policy, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB), 310D Ryals Public Health Building, 1665 University Boulevard, Birmingham, AL 35294 UK
                [2 ]Health Services Administration, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
                Author information
                © The Author(s). 2018

                Open AccessThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

                : 7 April 2017
                : 5 December 2017
                Funded by: FundRef http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/100008333, University of Alabama at Birmingham;
                Award ID: NA
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                © The Author(s) 2018

                Obstetrics & Gynecology
                women’s health,islam,contraception,reproductive health
                Obstetrics & Gynecology
                women’s health, islam, contraception, reproductive health


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