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      A Protein‐Like Nanogel for Spinning Hierarchically Structured Artificial Spider Silk

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          The Phenomena of Rupture and Flow in Solids

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            Electrospinning and Electrospun Nanofibers: Methods, Materials, and Applications

            Electrospinning is a versatile and viable technique for generating ultrathin fibers. Remarkable progress has been made with regard to the development of electrospinning methods and engineering of electrospun nanofibers to suit or enable various applications. We aim to provide a comprehensive overview of electrospinning, including the principle, methods, materials, and applications. We begin with a brief introduction to the early history of electrospinning, followed by discussion of its principle and typical apparatus. We then discuss its renaissance over the past two decades as a powerful technology for the production of nanofibers with diversified compositions, structures, and properties. Afterward, we discuss the applications of electrospun nanofibers, including their use as “smart” mats, filtration membranes, catalytic supports, energy harvesting/conversion/storage components, and photonic and electronic devices, as well as biomedical scaffolds. We highlight the most relevant and recent advances related to the applications of electrospun nanofibers by focusing on the most representative examples. We also offer perspectives on the challenges, opportunities, and new directions for future development. At the end, we discuss approaches to the scale-up production of electrospun nanofibers and briefly discuss various types of commercial products based on electrospun nanofibers that have found widespread use in our everyday life.
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              New opportunities for an ancient material.

              Spiders and silkworms generate silk protein fibers that embody strength and beauty. Orb webs are fascinating feats of bioengineering in nature, displaying magnificent architectures while providing essential survival utility for spiders. The unusual combination of high strength and extensibility is a characteristic unavailable to date in synthetic materials yet is attained in nature with a relatively simple protein processed from water. This biological template suggests new directions to emulate in the pursuit of new high-performance, multifunctional materials generated with a green chemistry and processing approach. These bio-inspired and high-technology materials can lead to multifunctional material platforms that integrate with living systems for medical materials and a host of other applications.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Advanced Materials
                Advanced Materials
                Wiley
                0935-9648
                1521-4095
                July 2022
                June 03 2022
                July 2022
                : 34
                : 27
                : 2201843
                Affiliations
                [1 ]State Key Laboratory of Medicinal Chemical Biology Key Laboratory of Functional Polymer Materials College of Chemistry Nankai University Tianjin 300071 China
                [2 ]Department of Mechanical Engineering University of Texas at Dallas Richardson TX 75080 USA
                [3 ]Chemical Engineering College Inner Mongolia University of Technology Huhhot 010051 China
                [4 ]Department of Science China Pharmaceutical University Nanjing 211198 China
                [5 ]State Key Laboratory for Modification of Chemical Fibers and Polymer Materials College of Materials Science and Engineering Donghua University Shanghai 201620 China
                Article
                10.1002/adma.202201843
                ad7f7d34-066a-465d-87eb-9437c7bb9789
                © 2022

                http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/termsAndConditions#vor

                http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/tdm_license_1.1

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