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      Differential Inhibition of NMDA- and Naloxone-lnduced LH Release by NMDA Receptor Antagonist and CRH in Ovariectomized Estrogen-Primed Rats

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          Abstract

          A possible functional relationship between endogenous opioid peptides (EOPs), corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) and excitatory amino acids (EAAs) in the control of LH secretion was investigated in ovariectomized estrogen-primed rats. An intraventricular (icv) injection of an EAA agonist, N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), or an EOP antagonist, naloxone, produced an abrupt increase in the serum LH level. While icv pretreatment of the animals with 2-amino-5-phosphonovaleric acid, a specific NMDA receptor antagonist, did not affect by itself basal LH levels, it significantly suppressed the NMDA-induced and also the naloxone-induced LH release. An icv injection of CRH also interfered with the naloxone-induced LH release. However, the NMDA-induced LH release was not affected by an icv injection of CRH or of β-endorphin. These results suggest that the sites of EOP and CRH inhibition may be located upstream of the site of NMDA stimulation on the GnRH neuronal pathway, and that CRH can inhibit LH secretion without mediation by EOP neurons.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEN
          Neuroendocrinology
          10.1159/issn.0028-3835
          Neuroendocrinology
          S. Karger AG
          0028-3835
          1423-0194
          1997
          1997
          09 April 2008
          : 65
          : 2
          : 141-146
          Affiliations
          aDepartment of Physiology, St. Marianna University School of Medicine, Kawasaki, and bDepartment of Physiology, Yokohama City University School of Medicine, Yokohama, Japan
          Article
          127174 Neuroendocrinology 1997;65:141–146
          10.1159/000127174
          9067992
          © 1997 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 6
          Categories
          Gonadotropins

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