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      Serum Guanidino Compound Levels and the Influence of a Single Hemodialysis in Uremic Patients Undergoing Maintenance Hemodialysis

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          Abstract

          Guanidino compounds are increased in uremia and are highly suspected to be uremic toxins. The serum levels of 11 guanidino compounds and the influence of a single hemodialysis were evaluated in 30 steady-state uremic patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis. Guanidino compound levels were detected using liquid cation exchange chromatography with a highly sensitive fluorescence detection method. Highly standardized dialysis procedures were performed. Before hemodialysis, high levels were found for guanidinosuccinic acid, N-α-acetylarginine, argininic acid, creatinine, γ-guanidinobutyric acid, guanidine and methylguanidine. Guanidinosuccinic acid reached levels associated with toxic effects in vitro. After hemodialysis, although lowered, guanidinosuccinic acid, creatinine, guanidine and methylguanidine were still markedly increased. No differences in the percent decrease, during a single hemodialysis, of the studied compounds were found using different membranes such as cellulose acetate, cuprophane and polyacrylonitrile membranes. Substantial differences, however, in the percent decrease of the different guanidino compounds were found, ranging from 25 ± 13% for arginine to 74 ± 7.5% for guanidinosuccinic acid. Data reported here show that guanidino compounds are raised in serum of uremic patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis, before as well as after a single hemodialysis, while substantial differences in the percent decrease of the different guanidino compounds are found.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1987
          1987
          05 December 2008
          : 45
          : 4
          : 291-295
          Affiliations
          aLaboratory of Neurochemistry, Born-Bunge Foundation, University of Antwerp; bDepartment of Nephrology, OLV Ziekenhuis, Aalst, Belgium
          Article
          184166 Nephron 1987;45:291–295
          10.1159/000184166
          3587469
          © 1987 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 5
          Categories
          Original Paper

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