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      One strategy does not fit all: determinants of urban adaptation in mammals

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          Abstract

          Urbanisation exposes wildlife to new challenging conditions and environmental pressures. Some mammalian species have adapted to these novel environments, but it remains unclear which characteristics allow them to persist. To address this question, we identified 190 mammals regularly recorded in urban settlements worldwide, and used phylogenetic path analysis to test hypotheses regarding which behavioural, ecological and life history traits favour adaptation to urban environments for different mammalian groups. Our results show that all urban mammals produce larger litters; whereas other traits such as body size, behavioural plasticity and diet diversity were important for some but not all taxonomic groups. This variation highlights the idiosyncrasies of the urban adaptation process and likely reflects the diversity of ecological niches and roles mammals can play. Our study contributes towards a better understanding of mammal association to humans, which will ultimately allow the design of wildlife‐friendly urban environments and contribute to mitigate human‐wildlife conflicts.

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          Most cited references73

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          The energetic basis of the urban heat island

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            PanTHERIA: a species-level database of life history, ecology, and geography of extant and recently extinct mammals

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              Phylogenies and the Comparative Method: A General Approach to Incorporating Phylogenetic Information into the Analysis of Interspecific Data

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                luca.santini.eco@gmail.com
                Journal
                Ecol Lett
                Ecol. Lett
                10.1111/(ISSN)1461-0248
                ELE
                Ecology Letters
                John Wiley and Sons Inc. (Hoboken )
                1461-023X
                1461-0248
                20 December 2018
                February 2019
                : 22
                : 2 ( doiID: 10.1111/ele.2019.22.issue-2 )
                : 365-376
                Affiliations
                [ 1 ] Department of Environmental Science Institute of Water and Wetland Research Radboud University Nijmegen The Netherlands
                [ 2 ] Ecology and Evolutionary Biology School of Biological Sciences University of Reading Whiteknights Reading RG6 6AS UK
                [ 3 ] Wildlife Research Unit Dipartimento di Agraria Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II via Università 100 I‐80055 Portici, Napoli Italy
                [ 4 ] Instituto de Ecología Departamento de Ecología Evolutiva Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México Ciudad México 04510 México
                [ 5 ] Conservation Biology Research Group Department of Biological Sciences University of Chester Parkgate Road Chester CH1 4BJ UK
                Author notes
                [*] [* ]Correspondence: E‐mail: luca.santini.eco@ 123456gmail.com
                Article
                ELE13199
                10.1111/ele.13199
                7379640
                30575254
                adda0656-207a-4abd-bb11-68e7d590bc1c
                © 2018 The Authors. Ecology Letters published by CNRS and John Wiley & Sons Ltd

                This is an open access article under the terms of the http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                History
                : 01 October 2018
                : 16 November 2018
                : 25 November 2018
                Page count
                Figures: 4, Tables: 2, Pages: 12, Words: 10588
                Categories
                Letter
                Letters
                Custom metadata
                2.0
                February 2019
                Converter:WILEY_ML3GV2_TO_JATSPMC version:5.8.5 mode:remove_FC converted:24.07.2020

                Ecology
                brain mass,diet diversity,life history,mammals,synurbic,urban ecology
                Ecology
                brain mass, diet diversity, life history, mammals, synurbic, urban ecology

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