Blog
About

0
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Clinical and Echocardiographic Findings in HIV Patients with Pericardial Effusion

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Background and Objectives: Pericardial effusion (PE) is frequently found in patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), but its clinical significance remains unclear. Our purpose was to study the manifestations of HIV-infected patients with PE and the coexistence of these manifestations with other echocardiographic abnormalities, compared with patients without PE. Methods: We reviewed 141 HIV-infected patients in whom echocardiographic study was performed. We studied their epidemiological, clinical, hematological, immunological, electrocardiographic (ECG) and echocardiographic characteristics and their in-hospital outcome. Results: Patients with PE (n = 55), compared with those without PE (n = 86), were more often clinical stage C and immunological stage 3, had left-ventricular dysfunction and right-ventricular dilatation more frequently, and had been diagnosed as HIV-positive for a longer time. Seven patients with moderate to severe PE developed cardiac tamponade. Compared with patients with small PE (n = 34), those with moderate to large PE (n = 21), had pericardial rub, ECG repolarization abnormalities consistent with pericarditis, immunological stage 3, left-ventricular dysfunction and right-ventricular dilatation more frequently. In 3 patients, cardiac tamponade disappeared after anti-tuberculous therapy; in 3 cases, pericardial drainage was performed (anti-tuberculous therapy was not attempted); 1 patient with cardiac tamponade was not drainaged because he was a terminal patient with an extensive lymphoma. Conclusions: PE in HIV-infected patients is associated with (1) advanced stages of infection, and (2) left-ventricular dysfunction and right-ventricular dilatation; (3) presence of pericardial rub and ECG alterations consistent with pericarditis suggests the existence of moderate to large PE.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1997
          1997
          19 November 2008
          : 88
          : 5
          : 397-400
          Affiliations
          Department of Cardiology, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Madrid, Spain
          Article
          177367 Cardiology 1997;88:397–400
          10.1159/000177367
          9286499
          © 1997 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 4
          Categories
          General Cardiology

          Comments

          Comment on this article