6
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found
      Is Open Access

      Modifying tetramethyl–nitrophenyl–imidazoline with amino acids: design, synthesis, and 3D-QSAR for improving inflammatory pain therapy

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPMC
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          With the help of pharmacophore analysis and docking investigation, 15 novel 1-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-2-(3-nitrophenyl)-4,5-dihydroimidazol-1-yl)-oxyacetyl-L-amino acids (6a–o) were designed, synthesized, and assayed. On tail-flick and xylene-induced ear edema models, 10 μmol/kg 6a–o exhibited excellent oral anti-inflammation and analgesic activity. The dose-dependent assay of their representative 6f indicates that the effective dose should be 3.3 μmol/kg. The correlation of the three-dimensional quantitative structure–activity relationship with the docking analysis provides a basis for the rational design of drugs to treat inflammatory pain.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 10

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: not found

          Synthesis and pharmacological evaluation of pyrazine N-acylhydrazone derivatives designed as novel analgesic and anti-inflammatory drug candidates.

          In this paper, we report the synthesis and pharmacological evaluation of pyrazine N-acylhydrazone (NAH) derivatives (2a-s) designed as novel analgesic and anti-inflammatory drug candidates. This series was planned by molecular simplification of prototype 1 (LASSBio-1018), previously described as a non-selective cyclooxygenase inhibitor. Derivatives 2a-s were evaluated in several animal models of pain and inflammation, standing-out compound 2o (2-N'-[(E)-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl) methylidene]-2-pyrazinecarbohydrazide; LASSBio-1181), that was also active in a murine model of chronic inflammation (i.e., adjuvant-induced arthritis test in rats) and can be considered a new analgesic and anti-inflammatory lead for drug development.
            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: found
            • Article: not found

            Anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive action of the dimeric enkephalin peptide biphalin in the mouse model of colitis: new potential treatment of abdominal pain associated with inflammatory bowel diseases.

            Biphalin, a mixed MOP/DOP agonist, displays a potent antinociceptive activity in numerous animal models of pain. The aim of the study was to characterize the anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive action of biphalin in the mouse models of colitis. The anti-inflammatory effect of biphalin (5mg/kg, twice daily, i.c. and i.p.) was characterized in a semi-chronic mouse model of colitis, induced by i.c. injection of trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid (TNBS). The antinociceptive action of biphalin (5mg/kg, i.p. and i.c.) in inflamed mice was assessed in mustard oil-induced model of visceral pain and in the hot plate test. In the semi-chronic mouse model of colitis, biphalin i.c. (5mg/kg), but not i.p. improved colitis macroscopic score (2.88±0.19 and 4.99±0.80 units for biphalin and vehicle treated animals, respectively). Biphalin injected i.p. and i.c. (5mg/kg) displayed a potent antinociceptive action in the mustard oil-induced pain test. In the hot plate test, biphalin (5mg/kg, i.p.) produced a potent antinociceptive activity in inflamed mice, suggesting central site of action. Our data suggest that biphalin may become a novel opioid-based analgesic agent in IBD therapy and warrant further investigation of its pharmacological profile.
              Bookmark
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: found
              • Article: not found

              Synthesis, docking simulation, biological evaluations and 3D-QSAR study of 5-Aryl-6-(4-methylsulfonyl)-3-(metylthio)-1,2,4-triazine as selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors.

              A series of 5-Aryl-6-(4-methylsulfonyl)-3-(metylthio)-1,2,4-triazine derivatives were synthesized and their COX-1/COX-2 inhibitory activity as well as in vivo anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects were evaluated. All of compounds showed strong inhibition of COX-2 with IC50 values in the range of 0.1-0.2μM and in most cases had stronger anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects than indomethacin at doses 3 and 6mg/kg. Among them, 5-(4-chlorophenyl)-6-(4-(methylsulfonyl) phenyl)-3-(methylthio)-1,2,4-triazine (9c) was the most potent and selective COX-2 compound; its selectivity index of 395 was comparable to celecoxib (SI=405). Evaluation of anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects of 9c showed its higher potency than indomethacin and hence could be considered as a promising lead candidate for further drug development. Furthermore, the affinity data of these compounds were rationalized through enzyme docking simulation and 3D-QSAR study by k-Nearest Neighbour Molecular Field Analysis.
                Bookmark

                Author and article information

                Journal
                Drug Des Devel Ther
                Drug Des Devel Ther
                Drug Design, Development and Therapy
                Drug Design, Development and Therapy
                Dove Medical Press
                1177-8881
                2015
                22 April 2015
                : 9
                : 2329-2342
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Beijing Area Major Laboratory of Peptide and Small Molecular Drugs, Engineering Research Center of Endogenous Prophylactic of Ministry of Education of China, Beijing Laboratory of Biomedical Materials, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Capital Medical University, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
                [2 ]Faculty of Biomedical Science and Environmental Biology, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
                Author notes
                Correspondence: Shiqi Peng/Ming Zhao, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Capital University of Medical Sciences, No. 10 Xitoutiao, You An Men, Beijing 100069, People’s Republic of China, Tel +86 10 8391 1528, Fax: +86 10 8280 2482, Email shiqipeng@ 123456163.com / sqpeng@ 123456bjmu.edu.cn ; mingzhao@ 123456bjmu.edu.cn
                Article
                dddt-9-2329
                10.2147/DDDT.S76218
                4410827
                © 2015 Jiang et al. This work is published by Dove Medical Press Limited, and licensed under Creative Commons Attribution – Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License

                The full terms of the License are available at http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed.

                Categories
                Original Research

                Comments

                Comment on this article