Akihiko Kato a,c , Akiko Ohtsuji a , Tatsuhiro Terada a , Tetsuo Goto a , Hirotaka Fukasawa a , Hideo Yasuda a , Akashi Togawa a , Taiki Fujimoto a , Hiroyuki Suzuki a , Yoshihide Fujigaki a , Tatsuo Yamamoto a , Katsuhiko Yonemura b , Akira Hishida a
14 August 2002
The prognosis of renal cholesterol crystal embolism (CCE) is poor, and many patients progressively develop to the end-stage of chronic renal failure. We herein experienced a 66-year-old male patient who recovered from hemodialysis (HD) shortly after an amputation of inflammatory toes. The patient complained of painful digital cyanosis at bilateral toes and livedo reticularis at right lower leg 4 weeks following aortic angiography. Laboratory examinations revealed eosinophilia and overt proteinuria (3.0 g/day). His serum creatinine level increased from 2.18 to 8.57 mg/dl over 6 weeks, and HD treatment was started. Treatment with simvastatin (5 mg/day) did not reverse renal failure and hypereosinophilia, but the amputation of right gangrene toes promptly increased urine output and eosinophilia completely disappeared concomitantly with a decline of C-reactive protein from 9.7 to 0.7 mg/dl. Serum creatinine level was also reduced to 3.46 mg/dl, and he eventually stopped HD totally after 32 sessions. This case suggested that the surgical amputation promptly recovered renal function. Reversal of inflammation may be more effective than lipid-lowering therapy for renal failure in our patient.