Though it is said that some immunosuppressive agents are implicated in the development of hyperlipidemia in kidney recipients, this subject is still controversial. Main plasma lipid parameters, as well as apolipoproteins A1 and B were measured periodically in 39 kidney first cadaveric, nondiabetic recipients during 24 months of clinic follow-up after transplantation. Standard triple immunosuppressive therapy: prednisone + cyclosporine + azathioprine was administrated from the beginning. After the second year of kidney transplantation, a significant reduction refers to values of TC, LDL, apo A1 and apo B. In the group with antirejection - methylprednisolone therapy, and without it only TG in the 24th month and apo B in the 1st month were statistically lower in the latter group (both p < 0.05). In the multiple regression test, a linear coincidence was observed between apo A1, apo B and prednisone cumulative dosage after the 1st month, TG and cyclosporine in the 6th month and LDL and cyclosporine in the 12th month after transplantation. It appears that steroids had an impact on lipids directly after transplantation, while cyclosporine did so thereafter.