Objective To understand the effect of badminton exercise on cervical spine function of college students with neck and shoulder syndrome, and to provide support for college students to effectively prevent the occurrence and treatment of neck and shoulder syndrome.
Methods A total of 50 college students with neck and shoulder syndrome were selected by the college students in Guangxi. The study was divided into the control group (25) and the experimental group (25) (1 student in the control group was deleted because of disease in the process of intervention). The experimental group was offered badminton exercise intervention as a public optional course for 12 weeks. Cervical Vertebral Dysfunction Index Questionnaire and Visual Analogue Scale assessment table were also provided to them before and after the evaluation of cervical function.
Results The scores of cervical spine disorders before the intervention in the experimental group were decreased from (36.3±7.8) points to (20.1±8.6) points after intervention, which was statistically significant ( t = 6.84, P = 0.00). There was no significant difference in the scores of cervical spine disorders before and after intervention in the control group ( t = 0.09, P= 0.93). The pain score of the intervention group before intervention was (4.2±1.2), and the intervention was (2.5±1.2). The difference was statistically significant ( t= 5.48, P= 0.00). In the experimental group, the left lateral flexion, right flexion, flexion, extension, left rotation and right rotation of the cervical vertebrae were significantly higher than those before the intervention ( P<0.05). The anterior cervical curvature of the experimental group was (160.2±4.9). After intervention, the cervical curvature of the intervention group was (143.1±4.9), and the difference was statistically significant ( t = 12.56, P = 0.00).
Conclusion Badminton exercise has a good intervention effect on cervical vertebrae function of college students with neck and shoulder syndrome. In the future, intervention can be effectively implemented for better prevention and treatment.
【摘要】 目的 了解羽毛球锻炼对颈肩综合征大学生颈椎功能的干预效果, 为有效预防大学生颈肩综合征的发生及 治疗提供支持。 方法 在广西某大学中, 采用招募的方式选取 50 名具有颈肩综合征的在校大学生为研究对象, 平均分为 对照组和干预组 (各 25 名, 干预组干预过程中 1 人因病脱落), 采用公选课教学锻炼的方式对干预组进行 12 周的羽毛球锻 炼干预, 干预前后采用颈椎功能障碍指数调査表、视觉模拟量表等进行颈椎功能评价。 结果 干预前, 干预组与对照组颈 椎功能障碍得分、疼痛得分、颈椎关节活动度及生理曲度差异均无统计学意义 ( P值均>0.05)。干预组干预前颈椎功能障 碍得分为 (36.3±7.8) 分, 干预后为 (20.1±8.6)分, 差异有统计学意义 ( t = 6.84, P =0.00); 对照组干预前与干预后颈椎功能障 碍得分差异无统计学意义 ( t = 0.09, P =0.93)。干预组干预前疼痛得分为 (4.2±1.2)分, 干预后为 (2.5±1.2) 分, 差异有统计 学意义 ( t = 5.48, P = 0.00)。干预组大学生干预后在颈椎关节左侧屈、右侧屈、前屈、后伸、左旋转、右旋转角度均髙于干预 前, 差异均有统计学意义 ( P值均<0.05)。干预组干预前颈椎生理曲度为 (160.2±4.9) °, 干预后为 (143.1±4.9) °, 差异有统 计学意义 ( t = 12.56, P =0.00)。 结论 羽毛球锻炼对颈肩综合征大学生的颈椎功能具有较好的干预效果, 今后可予以有效 实施干预, 以更好地预防和治疗。