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      Characteristic Features of Transmitter Release from Sympathetic Nerve Terminals

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          Abstract

          Recently, using intracellular recording techniques, it has been shown that transmitter release from individual varicosities in sympathetic nerves occurs intermittently, and that only a single quantum of transmitter is secreted when the release process of a varicosity is activated by the nerve action potential. Here we discuss results obtained using a novel method of extracellular recording which allows simultaneous measurement of both the nerve action potential and transmitter release from postganglionic sympathetic nerve terminals. We have confirmed that release is intermittent, but the importance of this new approach is that the relationship between the nerve terminal action potential and transmitter release can be studied unambiguously for the first time. Thus, we are able to show unequivocally that: (1) intermittence is caused by a low probability of transmitter release in the invaded varicosity; (2) frequency-dependent facilitation of release is determined by the rate of arrival of the action potential and not by detectable changes in its configuration; (3) the current underlying the excitatory junction potential (EJP) is brief compared to the total duration of the EJP, and (4) clonidine may inhibit transmitter release by modifying the nerve terminal action potential. These results provide important new insights into the fundamental mechanisms involved in the physiological and pharmacological control of transmitter release from sympathetic nerves.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-4659-1
          978-3-318-01830-1
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1987
          1987
          23 September 2008
          : 24
          : 5
          : 253-260
          Affiliations
          University Department of Pharmacology, Oxford, UK
          Article
          158701 Blood Vessels 1987;24:253–260
          10.1159/000158701
          aeb688f4-5205-44b7-bfb2-611437ab18ee
          © 1987 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          History
          Page count
          Pages: 8
          Categories
          Proceeding

          General medicine,Neurology,Cardiovascular Medicine,Internal medicine,Nephrology
          Transmitter release,Sympathetic nerve terminals,Co-transmission,Action potential,Electrophysiology

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